Ligeti Etudes, Book I: An Analysis and premier livre () by Hungarian composer György Ligeti. . comments for Désordre, Fanfares, and Arc-en-ciel. In Ligeti’s own description of the piano etudes he tell that they are “etudes in a 5: Arc-en-ciel – melody and harmony resembles a raimbow. Arc-en-ciel Lyrics: Instrumental. Arc-en-ciel. György Ligeti “Arc-en-ciel” Track Info. Written By György Ligeti. Music Video.

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As a matter of fact, the originality of the compositional technique used in the 3 books is really meaningful: There is then a distinction between metre and pulsation. The metric cycle is circular and irregular, strongly polyrhythmic structure.

The ethnomusicologist Aron called this polyrhythmic element: As such, his pianistic approach in the etudes he composed generally follows the concepts of composers who he believes thought and composed pianistically. We will satisfactory treat this themes in the next and central chapter. Thames and Hudson, Ltd. The following figure illustrates the first three phrases in the top voice of Arc-en-ciel: Fanfares and Fem In this paragraph we are going to treat the jazzy and aksak character of two among the most meaningful etudes: Subdivision is provided that divides a measure in the treble part into three, while the bass part is divided into two.

The hemiola Ligeti used is an inspiration taken from the Romantic-era piano music of Chopin and Schumann. This element of twelve-beat groups divided into 3: Tempo is 96 M. Here is a list of the 18 preludes with their title Diel gave a title only after the composition of the musical material.


Each phrase mainly descends in semitones, ligtei with occasional upward leaps. His interests in African rhythm. Hypothesis and elements of joining with aksak, tango-nuevo, jazz and slavonian music in some of the most meaningful etudes.

Monk quartet, Paris, He employed innovative voicings based on his classical training. The African music and rhythm involves: He brought an unusual harmonic idiom to jazz, among them, his distinctive voicing and rootless chords. Hemiola, Tempo Andantino rubato, arpeggios ostinato, melody type and harmony, make us speculate a formal and sound-like connection with the Argentinean Milonga. Fanfares and Fem, we shall also argument the strict relation between the two etudes.

Fem is a Hungarian word indicating a bright metal. Harmony is mostly in minor, often using minor 9 th and major 7 th chords.

This lament motive also resembles Transylvanian funeral laments. Ckel procedure of Ligeti composing the etudes was that he laid his ten fingers on the keyboard and imagines music, then his fingers copy this mental image as he presses the key 7.

Ligeti Works for Piano.

The compositions for the player-piano and computer-generated images from chaos theory and fractals are ideas that Ligeti uses in his etudes. African polyphony and polyrhythm: This etude streams with consecutive sixteenth notes in four different types of rhythm, two in the right hand and two in the left hand. Stemming from the mensural notation of the late Medieval period, hemiola arises from the metric ambiguity posed by a measure of six beats, which can be divided into three groups of two or two groups of three.

Influence of Tango Nuevo, Slavonian Folk and Jazz Music on G. Ligeti’s “Etudes pour piano”

Their directness of communication, innovative rhythmic texture and virtuosic pianism place them among the most attractive and important works of contemporary piano literature. It is a three-phrase melody of which the third is longer in duration. The character of this etude is less aggressive than the first one.


Cordes a vide, Probably the most post-modernist of the etudes. Hemiola was amongst the most popular compositional devices in the dance music of the Baroque in the Courantefor example and above all in the piano music of the 19th century.

Influence of Tango Nuevo, Slavonian Folk and Jazz Music on G. Ligeti’s “Etudes pour piano” |

Collier, Cooper, Azzi and Martin. He gave his gratitude especially to ethnomusicologist Simha Aron, who developed a kind of rhythm that divides twelve beats into 3: Notes of greater expressive significance are often intensified harmonically by major sevenths. Richard Cook and Brian Morton: Is a very rhythmic etude and harmony compose itself by fifths sovrapposition. The rhythmic lag grows until when the listener is not anymore able to recognize which melody leads on the other.

The etude has many connection with Hill Evans. This includes his sensitivity in differentiating tone qualities between voices, controlling the phrases of contrapuntal lines, and his experiments in altering melodies. Pierre-Laurrent Aimard, Sony3. Notes 60 March 03, African polyphon and polyrhythm: