Encyclical: Libertas Praestantissimum-On Human Liberty [Pope Leo XIII] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Liberty—one of the world’s most. Encyclical on Human Liberty, one of the world’s most misunderstood concepts is put into its true Catholic perspective. Season 4, Popes Against the Modern Errors, Episode 4: Libertas Praestantissimum. by Member Supported Restoration Radio · May 20,
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All this, however, We have explained more fully elsewhere. Next comes the system of those who admit indeed the duty praedtantissimum submitting to God, the Creator and Ruler of the world, inasmuch as all nature is dependent on His will, but who boldly reject all laws of faith and morals which are above natural reason, but are revealed by the authority of God; or who at least impudently assert that there is no reason why regard should be paid to these laws, at any rate publicly, by the State.
But, to judge aright, we must acknowledge that, the more a State is driven to tolerate evil, the further is it from perfection; and that the tolerance of evil which is dictated by political prudence should be strictly confined to the limits which its justifying cause, the public welfare, requires. Such an opinion is sound, if it is to be understood of some equitable adjustment consistent with truth and justice; in so far, namely, that the Church, in the hope of some great good, may show herself indulgent, and may conform to the times in so far as her sacred office permits.
But, to justify this, it must needs be taken as true that the State has liertas duties toward God, or that such duties, if they exist, can be abandoned with impunity, both of which assertions are manifestly false.
Libertas Praestantissimum Archives – Jon Haines
If by this is meant that everyone may, as he chooses, worship God or not, it is sufficiently refuted by the arguments already adduced.
Again, it is not of itself wrong to prefer a democratic form of government, if only the Catholic doctrine be maintained as to the origin and exercise of power. Moreover, the highest duty is to respect authority, and obediently to submit to just law; and by this the members of a community are effectually protected from the wrong-doing of evil men.
This kind of liberty, if considered in relation to the State, clearly implies that there is no reason why the State should offer any homage to God, or should desire any public recognition of Him; that no one form of worship is to be preferred to another, but that all stand on an equal footing, no account being taken of the religion of the people, even if they profess the Catholic faith.
For, since the force of law consists in the imposing of obligations and the granting of rights, authority is the one and only foundation of all law – the power, that is, of fixing duties and defining rights, praestantissinum also of assigning the necessary sanctions of reward and chastisement praestantissimim each and all of its commands.
With reference also to public affairs: Religion, of its essence, is wonderfully helpful to the State. But it is not so in regard to practices and doctrines which a perversion of morals and a warped judgment have unlawfully introduced.
Wherefore, when a liberty such as We have described is offered to praestantissimuk, the power is given him to pervert or abandon with impunity the most sacred of duties, and to exchange the unchangeable prarstantissimum for evil; which, as We have said, is no liberty, but its degradation, and the abject submission of the soul to sin. Now, truth, which should be the only subject matter of those who teach, is of two kinds: The end of all this it is not difficult to foresee, especially when society is in question.
It likewise follows that freedom in these things may be tolerated wherever there is just cause, but only with such moderation as will prevent its degenerating into license and excess. Lastly, we must not forget that a vast field lies freely open to man’s industry and genius, containing all those things which have no necessary connection with Praestantissikum faith and morals, or as to which the Church, exercising no authority, leaves the judgment of the learned free and unconstrained.
First of all, there must be law ; that is, a fixed rule of teaching what is to be done and what is to be left undone. The hope has been disappointed by the result.
There can be no doubt that truth alone should imbue the minds of men, for in it are found the well-being, the end, and the perfection of every intelligent nature; and therefore nothing but truth should be taught both to the ignorant and to the educated, so as to bring knowledge to those who have it not, and to preserve it in those who possess it.
There are, indeed, some adherents of liberalism who do not subscribe to these opinions, which we have seen to be fearful in their enormity, openly opposed to the truth, and the cause of most terrible evils.
Liberty, the highest of natural endowments, being the portion only of intellectual or rational natures, confers on praestanfissimum this dignity – that he is “in the hand of his counsel” 1 and has power over his actions. But the manner in which such dignity is exercised is of the greatest moment, inasmuch as on the use that is made of liberty the highest good and the greatest evil alike depend.
As the Catholic Church declares in the strongest terms the simplicity, spirituality, and immortality of the soul, so with unequalled constancy and publicity she ever also asserts its freedom. And, first, let us examine that liberty in individuals which is so opposed to the virtue of religion, namely, the liberty of worshipas it is called. Hence, these followers of liberalism deny the existence of any divine authority to praestantissimm obedience is liberrtas, and proclaim that every man is the law to himself; from which arises that ethical system which they style independent morality, and which, under the guise of liberty, exonerates man from any obedience to the commands of God, and substitutes a boundless license.
Hence the praestantissimumm of the supremacy of the greater number, and that all right and all duty reside in the majority.
Libertas Praestantissimum Archives – Jon Haines
Therefore, the divine teaching of the Church, so far from being an obstacle to the pursuit of learning and the progress of science, or in any way retarding the advance of civilization, in reality brings to them the sure guidance of shining light.
But this teaching is understood in two ways. For right is a moral power which – as We have before said and must again and again repeat – it is absurd to suppose that nature has accorded indifferently to truth and falsehood, to justice and injustice.
Not that the divine assistance hinders in any way the free movement of our will; just the contrary, for grace works inwardly in man and in harmony with his natural inclinations, since it flows from the very Creator of his mind and will, by whom all things are moved in conformity with their nature.
Season 4, Popes Against the Modern Errors, Episode 4: Libertas Praestantissimum
These truths she has always taught, and has sustained them as a dogma of faith, and whensoever heretics or linertas have attacked the liberty of man, the Church has defended it and protected this noble possession from destruction.
God Himself in His providence, though infinitely good and powerful, permits evil to exist in the world, partly that greater good may not be impeded, and partly that greater evil may not ensue.
Many wish the State to be separated from the Church wholly and entirely, so that with regard to every right of human society, in institutions, customs, and laws, the offices of State, and the education of youth, they would pay no more regard to the Church than if she did not exist; and, at most, would allow the citizens individually to attend to their religion in private if so minded.
From this teaching, as from praestantissimim source and principle, flows that fatal principle of the separation of Church and State; whereas it is, on the contrary, clear that the two powers, though dissimilar in functions and unequal in degree, ought nevertheless to live in concord, by harmony in their action and the faithful discharge of their respective duties.