In Karen Horney’s “The Distrust Between the Sexes”, she explains how a person’s psychological history causes him/her to distrust people of the opposite sex. Distrust Between Sexes A woman gets pregnant, and her boyfriend leaves her. In Karen Horney`s The Distrust Between the Sexes, she explains how a person`s. Karen Horney- Distrust Between the Sexes. I. Background. 1. Developed her career somewhat independently of the influence of Sigmund Freud; 2. She was.
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04 Major Concepts « Karen Horney & Humanistic Psychoanalysis
In “The Problem of Feminine Masochism”Horney challenged the idea that “masochistic trends are inherent in, or akin to, the very essence of female nature” Horney,p. This is the position of psychoanalysis, which reflects the stereotypes of male culture, but Horney identified a number of social conditions that have made women more masochistic than men.
She acknowledged that little girls envy the male plumbing but regarded this as psychologically insignificant. Horney did not deny that women often envy men and are uncomfortable with their feminine role. Feminine Psychology Nancy Chodorow locates the “political and theoretical origins” of psychoanalytic feminism with Karen Horney, whose theories form the basis “for most of the recent revisions of psychoanalytic understandings of gender and for most psychoanalytic dissidence on the question of gender in the early period as well”pp.
Everyone has faults, which are not interchangeable. If the couple would sit and express their opinion then they will be able to put their price on love.
Moreover, comparative studies show that these conditions have not been universal and that some societies have been more unfavorable to women’s development than others.
They are truly starting to realize that women and men can make it on their own as a child who overcomes the fear of independence. In discussing family dynamics, Horney focused at first on the girl’s relationship with male members of the sxees, but later she derived the masculinity complex and all the phenomena traditionally associated with penis envy — such as feelings of inferiority, vindictiveness, and competitiveness toward men — from the girl’s relationship with females in the family, particularly the mother.
What women chiefly envy is male privilege, and what they need is greater opportunity to develop their human capacities. He does this by making the bird the victim In fact, it is meant for on to put their whole heart and soul into the relationship. When one is not willing to invest everything horey they have in a relationship the relationship struggles to succeed.
In her earliest essays on feminine psychology, Horney strove to show that girls and women have intrinsic biological constitutions and patterns of development that are to be understood in their own terms and not just as products of their difference from and presumed inferiority to men. European exploration in the Americas led to a great demand for slaves to work in the new colonies Although she initially argued that women are bound to have a masculinity complex because of their need to escape the guilt and anxiety that result tye their oedipal situation, Horney soon came to feel that the masculinity complex is not inevitable but is the product of a male dominated culture and of particular kinds of family dynamics.
To be without a man is a disgrace, but having one proves that she is “normal”: She contended that male envy of disrrust, childbirth, and motherhood, and of the breasts and suckling, gives rise to an unconscious tendency to devalue women and that men’s impulse toward creative work is an overcompensation for their small role in procreation.
In this ideology the differentness of the weaker one will be interpreted as inferiority, and it will be proven that these differences are unchangeable, basic, or God’s will” Horney,p. People do not feel safe putting all of their eggs in one basket.
It is the sexually attractive female that man is afraid of. The patriarchal ideal of woman does not necessarily correspond to her inherent character, but the cultural power of that ideal often makes women behave in accordance with it. All of these features were present in Karen Horney’s childhood.
In a lecture entitled “Woman’s Fear of Action” teh, she argued that only when women have been freed from the conceptions of femininity fostered by male dominated cultures can we discover how they really differ from men psychologically. Their obsession is traced to a childhood situation in which each “had come off second best in the competition for a man” Horney,p.
In conclusion, Horney tries to explain how her thoughts can help to diminish the distrust between the sexes.
In “The Distrust between the Sexes”she argued that woman is seen as “a second-rate being” because “at any given time, the more powerful side will create an ideology suitable to help maintain its position. Cultural Factors In her essays on feminine psychology, Horney moved steadily away from Freud’s belief that anatomy is destiny and toward a greater emphasis on cultural factors as a source of women’s problems and of gender identity.
This reason alone to many, is often mans excuse for keeping women out of governmental positions. The girl responds to her sense of defeat either by withdrawing from the competition for a male or developing a compulsive rivalry with other women in which she tries to demonstrate her erotic appeal.
In her essays on feminine psychology, Horney moved steadily away from Freud’s belief that anatomy is destiny and toward a greater emphasis on cultural factors as a source of women’s problems and of gender identity. The real problem is that there is no universal way to do this. They tend to lose interest in a man as soon as he is conquered because they have “a profound fear of the disappointments and humiliations that they expect to result from falling in love” Horney,p.
The child feels independent for those few seconds until it loses balance and falls, then the child wants to depend on betwren parents. Horney’s ideas were ignored for many years but now seem remarkably astute. An important question for Horney is why men see women as they do.
Common Sense Essay Research Paper. The most important defense is proving that, despite her disadvantages, she can attract a man. Indeed, many of her essays deal with the “masculinity complex” similar to Adler’s sexxes protest”which she defined as “the entire complex of feelings and fantasies that have for their content the woman’s feeling of being discriminated against, her envy of the male, her wish to be a man and to discard the female role” Horney,th.
The distrust between two sexes.
The conquest of men provides not only what Horney would later call a “vindictive triumph” but is also a way of coping with anxiety and self-hate. EssayResearch Paper Introduction I believe that television is going to be the test of the There is, therefore, no corresponding female dread of men. However attractive they are, they do not believe that a man can actually love them. There are many different scenarios, which lead to relationships ending because of distrust. She argued that psychoanalysis regards women as defective men because it is the product of a male genius Freud and a male dominated culture.
She wrote that to understand the problem you must first understand that problems stem from a common background. By investing everything it is not to be understood as overwhelming an individual with expensive things. An example that may make ones mind wonder is; vision a child taking those first few steps. We shall look first at her ideas about feminine psychology, then at the new psychoanalytic paradigm she developed in the s, and finally at her mature theory.
As he grows up, the male continues to have a deeply hidden anxiety about the size of his penis or his potency, an anxiety that has no counterpart for the female, who “performs her part by merely being ” Horney,p. The fact that “a girl is exposed from birth onward to the suggestion — inevitable, whether conveyed brutally or delicately — of her inferiority” is an experience “that constantly stimulates her masculinity complex Horney,p.
The cultural idea that men are to be protective and women helpless causes problems in the minds of women and ultimately results in a feeling of disappointment that they are not needed. The male deals with his anxiety by erecting an ideal of efficiency, by seeking sexual conquests, and by debasing the love object. The thought of having the perfect mate is just that a thought.
Most of the essay is devoted to trying to explain why these women have an obsessive need for a male but are unable to form satisfactory relationships.