In kihon ippon kumite the basic attacks and counters are practised in a set and rigid way. With jiyu ippon kumite these basic techniques are practised in a more. Description of Jiyu Ippon Kumite: After bowing the training partners face each other in shizentai (hachiji-dachi)―with ryoken daitae mae―with. Shotokan Jiyu Ippon Kumite – More advanced one step free style sparring. Introduced to students generally when they have reached the level of brown belt.

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Kumitte has the effect of raising the centre of gravity and making the stance less stable. If they step out of the ring two times, the other person gains a point. I see this a lot on videos of Western instructors who post a lot on Youtube.

Jiyu Kumite

In tournaments kumite often takes place inside of a ‘ringed’ area similar to that of a boxing ring. Some tournament rules allow for light contact to the head, whereas other rules do not allow this.

Maximum power is achieved from a stable and strong stance.

This article needs additional citations for verification. In fact, they usually don’t award points for full-force techniques delivered to the opponent either.

Shotokan Kumite

If a karateka steps out of the ring, they are given a warning. Careful attention must be given to the speed of the opponent’s attack and the distance between you and him, i.

If you miss-time the block either too early or too late your block will jiyuu the attack, allowing it through to its target.


You should see all. When opponents are considered to be clashing, the head referee should declare “aiuchi” which means “simultaneous hit”. With jiyu ippon kumite both the attacker and defender are in a fighting stance or Kamae. In kihon ippon kumite the basic attacks and counters are practised in a set and rigid way.

André Bertel’s Karate-Do: Jiyu Ippon Kumite

The tournament rules of full contact or “knockdown” styles of karate often don’t award any points for controlled techniques delivered to the opponent. Newer Post Older Post Home. Active Interest Media, Inc. However, this clearly would make it difficult to train due to the possibility of injury. Webarchive template wayback links Articles needing additional references from October All articles needing additional references All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from December Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers.

Except for a life or death self-defense situation, the spirit and power of the single lethal strike can only be achieved when a karateka does not have to avoid injuring their training partner.

Many schools feel it is important that karateka “pull their punches”. In karate, this is gyaku-zuki due to the aforementioned points; furthermore, muscle memory via fundamental training and kata. When the attack comes there are two ways of replying to it. The second element is kata.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. This counter attack finishes just short of the target with kime and then stops. Often the aim of training is that each single strike should be enough to subdue the opponent.

This is the kumitd of the basic techniques into pre-arranged forms.

From this position both hands are poised for both attack and defence. In full contact karate, punches are often “pulled” to some slight extent in training, to jiuy the occurrence of injuries that would interrupt practice. In jiyu ippon kumite it is important to stay in a state of awareness zanshin. With jiyu ippon kumite the student blocks the attack, then counter attacks. In some tournaments, face contact is allowed, sometimes limited to senior practitioners.


The first element is the basics, the fundamental techniques of the art. After this kime the defender immediately moves kumie from the opponent back kjmite a kamae stance, ready in case another attack occurs. That way he will be fully committed to his technique and you will catch him off guard.

You are then in a state of readiness of any further attacks. Irrespective of this point every time the drill concludes karateka display mutual respect by engaging in ojigi which, in this case is the standing bow. All types of sparring allow the martial artist to develop both control and experience in delivering powerful strikes against an opponent. Kumite is divided into several stages. Therefore you should move as you see your opponent start to move.

Often people forget to kiai on the attack, jiju is reflective of them just going through the motions. This will also have the effect of lowering body weight therefore lowering the centre of gravity.