Download Citation on ResearchGate | DIALEKTIKA PENDIDIKAN ETIKA DALAM ISLAM (Analisis Pemikiran Ibnu Maskawaih) | p> Bahasa. View the profiles of people named Ibnu Maskawaih. Join Facebook to connect with Ibnu Maskawaih and others you may know. Facebook gives people the. Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Ya`qub, surnamed Miskawaih, is also called Abu ‘Ali al-Khazin. It is yet undecided whether he was himself Miskawaih or the son of.

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To sum up the foregoing, the basic aim of training and exercise and acquisition of knowledge, and working by it, is the refinement and purification of the soul: Many Muslims excelled in the branches of learning known at that time.

Moral philosophy is so connected with psychology that Miskawaih maskawwaih his big treatise on ethics Tahdhib al-Akhlaqby stating his doctrine of the soul.

Miskawaih engaged himself too much in the study iibnu alchemy, together with Abu al-Tayyib al-Razi, the alchemist. The object of animal love is pleasure and that of the spiritual love is virtue or goodness. Those who preach renunciation are iniquitous, because they want the services of others without rendering any service to them and this is complete injustice. Beginning with these views, Miskawayh presents the methods that are followed in training and refining the boy’s soul.

Meat should be infrequent, and going without it most of the time is better, together with abstention from sweets and fruit. If Miskawayh did distance himself from natural life on this point, yet the rules of conduct which he presents and the exercise desirable for training young boys did not show concern for this boy’s existence in everyday life, and did not prepare him for customary practical human life, to the extent that it prepared him for a life closer to maskswaih of the military, harsh, tough, and ascetic.


Affection, thus, is the sovereign; justice is the vicegerent. To realize this, he cites a number of conditions, some internal and some external. Since food is not desired for its own sake, nor for its sensory enjoyment, or that should be the case, Miskawayh presents a collection of advice which can be said to be more appropriate for the ascetic Sufi novice than for a boy in his prime, and at a fundamental stage in his growth.

Alchemy and chemistry in medieval Islam. Why does not Miskawaih mention Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi?

The Tahdzib Al-Akhlak, the work of IbnMiskawaih contains and affirms communication ethics maslawaih and systematically. How can he who retires from men and lives in isolation be temperate, just, generous, or courageous? The IbnMiskwaih writing has laid the verbal and nonverbal communication, intra-personal communication, interpersonal communication, group communication and also mass communication.

Miskawayh – Wikipedia

For him the psychological aspect is the most important, so he began with mentioning a number of abstract methods; to start with, Miskawayh gives a number of positive aspects, i. The aim in watching over the family here, and training the parents, is to reform the soul of the boy; for when he mixes with his peers and plays maskawaiy those of his own age-group, he is influenced by them.

The first leads to its salvation, the second to its perdition. He separated personal ethics from the maskawain realm, and contrasted the liberating nature of reason with the deception and temptation of nature.

He regards affection mahabbah as an inborn capacity for associating with mankind in general, but confines friendship sadaqah to a few individuals, basing masskawaih on the considerations of profit, pleasure, or good as conceived by Aristotle. The fundamental attributes of God are: These rules of conduct are connected either with sensory pleasures such as food and drink, or with the external appearance such as clothes, or finding relaxation from the weariness of study.

Historical Dictionary of Maskawahi.

We, however, cannot determine exactly whether these sub-divisions and distinctions are all Miskawaih’s own. Dar Al-Kutub Anwar, S. For he considers maskawah it is not difficult for the rational man who desires to free his soul from its pains and save it from its dangers to examine the illnesses and treat them so as to be set free from them.

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Chapter 24: Miskawaih

This was one part of his thinking to realize his aim; consequently he made use of one of the books available and well known in his academic environment, and indicated it with exceptional confidence. The above may serve to explain that, for Miskawayh, ethics are very closely bound up with the objective of the human being’s education; for he stresses continually that it is not possible to distinguish between the learner’s personality and character, on the one hand, and on the other the science he learns and the aim and objective for which he is striving to learn it.

The chronicle is a universal history from the beginning of Islam, but it cuts off near the end of the reign of ‘Adud al-Dawla.

Even a king is in need of friends because he cannot know his people’s needs except through sincere friends, especially because they supply him information and help in execution of his orders. Dar al-kutub al-‘ilmiya Beirut, and Dar maktabat al-hayat Beirut, Aristotle conceived of the universe as a process of becoming. These good manners, which are useful to boys, are likewise useful to older people; but they are more useful to the young, because they habituate them to the love of virtues and so they grow up accordingly.

Speaking generally,–Man is good and happy, if he acts as Man: