Hulagu Khan (ca. ) was a Mongol conqueror and the founder of the dynasty of the Il-Khans of Iran. He also suppressed the Ismaili sect and defeated . fifth son of Tolui (and thus grandson of Čengiz Khan) and founder of the R. E. Latham, London and New York, , index s.v. “Hulagu”). Hulagu Khan Destroyed Thousands Of Priceless Ancient Books Kept In The House Of Wisdom In Baghdad. | June 21, | Ancient History.

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The large size of the army, together with families and herds, necessitated a slow and deliberate march across Central Asia. Early in the attack on the city commenced. The city was halsku on 13 February and subjected to a week of looting and massacre.

The caliph was executed, together with most of his family. Alternatively, it has been suggested that the logistical limitations of Syria, that is, the lack of pastureland and water, compelled him to evacuate the country with the approach of summer Morgan, Ket-buqa was left in control of Syria with the troops originally assigned to him.

Siege of Baghdad () – Wikipedia

The remnants of the Mongol army and their officials fled Syria, and the Mamluks occupied an area extending as far as the Euphrates. This was to remain the border between the Il-khanid state and the Mamluk sultanate during their galaku war as well as in the subsequent peace. The Mongols did not accept this setback lying down.


Almost immediately, a smaller raiding force, perhaps numbering 6, horsemen, was dispatched to northern Syria.

Berke and his forces went as far as Darband in pursuit of the Il-khanid troops before returning home.

In any event, Muslim authors, seeing the disestablishment of Islam as the state religion, accused him and the Mongols of anti-Muslim sentiments. Certainly, Eastern Christians as well as the smaller Jewish communities were spared during the massacres in Baghdad and Aleppo.

While it is possible that the Mongols perceived the Eastern Christians as allies in the war against the Muslim rulers, this is never khqn stated. Whatever his pro-Christian leanings, it is noteworthy that, upon his death in halxku, in accordance with Mongol tradition he was interred together with several beautiful young women. Some Mamluk authors mention his intellectual proclivities but make disparaging remarks about what he really understood about these matters e.

The Mamluk sources provide some interesting details for the biography of the first Il-khan.

Siege of Baghdad (1258)

She is said to have refused unless he converted to Islam, to which he acquiesced. The story is highly dubious; it is not confirmed in any of the Persian, Armenian, and Georgian sources, and it seems most unlikely that a Georgian princess would demand that the Il-khan should convert to Islam.


This seems, therefore, to be a story current in the Halak sultanate, which tells us more about Mamluk tastes and perceptions khah reality in the Il-khanate. Budge, London,I, pp. Lech, Wiesbaden,pp. Blake and Richard N.

HULĀGU KHAN – Encyclopaedia Iranica

Raverty, London,pp. Kirakos of Gandzak, History of the Armenianstr. Bedrosian, New York,pp. Cordier, London,index s. Latham, London and New York,index s.

Reuven Amitai-Preiss, Mongols and Mamluks: Ideologie und GeschichteBeirut,pp. Jahrhundert anhand ihres BriefwechselsVatican City,pp. Submitted tags will be reviewed by site administrator before it ihan posted online.

If you enter several tags, separate with commas. Topic select a topic David Morgan, The MongolsOxford,pp. Reuven Amitai Originally Published: December 15, Last Updated: March 23, This article is available in print.

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