ology of G. boninense in oil palm plantation, including in-contact roots with nearby Ganoderma boninense is a polyporoid fungus which grows on wood. PDF | The objective of this study was to screen the potential endophytic bacteria to be used as a biological control for Ganoderma boninense, the major causal. Request PDF on ResearchGate | Pathogenic Nature of Ganoderma boninense and Basal Stem Rot Disease | The oil palm industry is under threat of a prevailing .
|Published (Last):||12 May 2007|
|PDF File Size:||11.95 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||19.77 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Google cookies and technologies Google Analytics: Ganoderma diseases of oil palm-an interpretation from Bah Lias Research Station.
basal stem rot of oil palm (Ganoderma boninense)
Register new name species, genus, family, etc Register new type specimen of existing taxa epitype, neotype, etc. Due to the shortage boninnense data, there have been difficulties in designing an efficient rapid technique for reliable early detection but there have been some significant advances over simple observation. Palm Oil Research Institute of Malaysia, Using Google Analytics, we can see what content is popular on our websites.
Such measures, if implemented, could contribute significantly to the sustainability of the palm oil industry in South East Asia. Oil palm cultivation and management.
Furthermore, infection tends to occur at a progressively earlier stage in the life of oil palms, and more frequently, with each successive planting, such that widespread losses can occur in young plantings of less than 5 years old. They are sent to a computer by website operators or third parties. T Brit Mycol Soc. For many years, burning the materials has been common but this is creating environmental issues yanoderma the region.
Land preparation Land preparation procedures are based on the assumption that infection occurs by mycelial spread from root to root and that the removal of stumps and large pieces of debris will eliminate viable residual inoculum from the field before planting of the next crop. Biodiversity in wood-decay macro-fungi associated with declining arid zone trees of India as revealed by nuclear rDNA analysis; pp.
Boninensee variation in Ganoderma from oil palm, coconut and betelnut. Young unfolded leaves become chlorotic and may be reduced in length, sometimes with necrotic tips.
Investigation on the control of Ganoderma with dazomet. Title Later foliar symptoms Caption Pale and necrotic leaf canopy of oil palms attacked by G. Poor drainage, flooding, nutritional imbalances and heavy weed growth have all been reported to be associated with increased basal stem rot incidence in oil palms.
Ganoderma boninense (basal stem rot of oil palm)
The potential of chitosan in suppressing Gankderma boninense infection in oil-palm seedlings. Basal stem rot disease of oil palms has been recorded widely throughout the tropics, most notably in Indonesia and Malaysia.
Jalani, S et al. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Overall, it has been and continues to be very difficult to find a species-specific ganlderma method.
It is also possible that screening for secondary metabolites along with the components of fungi in the host could be an alternative technique to direct molecular methods.
Basal stem rot Ganoderma in oil palm smallholdings. Polyclonal antibody for detection of Ganoderma.
Compatibility studies have shown that fungi collected from the same field or area may have different origins so mycelial growth is probably not the only method of transmission of disease among the trees Miller The spread of Ganoderma from its infective sources in the filed and its implications for management of the disease in oil palm.
There was a problem providing the content you requested
This form of treatment is of little use for young palms, where lesions typically radiate outwards from the centre of the stem. A wide range of endophytic bacteria from both gram positive and gram negative groups can help their host against plant pathogens through lysis or antibiotic activity. Patches of dark-brown, water-soaked tissue appear at the base of the stem and extend upwards stem gnodermasee Rolph et al.
Received Jul 31; Accepted Oct However, as this is frequently regarded as too costly, and since open burning is now forbidden in Malaysia under the Clean Air Regulations Act ofa common practice is to shred all palm fragments. CAB International, Map Once young palms show symptoms ganodermma the disease they usually die within 1 or 2 years, while mature trees can survive for only another 3 or so years Corley and Tinker As the basidiomata only appear after internal rotting has extended to the periphery of the stem, there is much variation in their time of appearance after infection.
International Common Names Spanish: Indeed there were no accurate techniques for detecting subclinical infections prior to the beginning of this century Utomo and Niepold The development of diagnostic tools for Ganoderma in oil palm. This method in which soil is heaped around the trunk to a height of 75 cm may prolongs the life of boninensee tree but is not effective in controlling BSR Lim et al.