FIELD MANUAL No. HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY Section V – AirLand Battle and Counterguerrilla Operations. Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only. Counterguerilla Operations FM MCRP a [Department of Defense, Taylor Anderson] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The

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For whatever the reasons — social, political, or economic — the operatiions is generally open to change. The concepts discussed in this chapter are geared to the needs of the tactical commander but can be used by the rear battle officer as well.

They are also used to minimize damage to a target if it is attacked. In most cases, however, the military objective of destroying the guerrilla force takes precedence over other considerations as long as operations are planned to minimize damage to civilian property.

FM 90-8 Counterguerilla Operations

This chapter discusses factors the commander must consider when planning counterguerrilla operations during a conventional conflict. An insurgency implies a situation where a country is threatened by an internal operationns, frequently assisted by external support, to overthrow the legitimate government.

The doctrine provides principles to guide the actions of US forces conducting counterguerrilla operations.

The guerrilla force also serves to cause commitment of friendly forces, best used in the close battle, to the rear battle. This manual provides commanders and staffs of brigade elements and below with concepts and doctrine concerning the conduct of counterguerrilla operations by US forces in insurgency and conventional conflict environments. Conventional conflicts imply a state of open belligerency between nations and a direct confrontation of their armed forces. A strong economic climate usually does not favor either force.

The counterguerrilla force commander may or may not opefations control over all forces in the rear area for employment in rear battle operations.

U.S. Army Counterguerrilla Operations Manual

Once it completes the tactical mission and notifies the rear area operations center, it will be released to its parent unit. Observation and fields of fire, Cover and concealment, Obstacles, Key terrain to include likely guerrilla targets and base campsand Avenues of approach or escape. In the event that 90- conflict takes place in enemy territory that is occupied, then the policies concerning interaction the the civilian populace will be formulated at theater level in consonance with guidance from the US government.


The restrictions, limitations, and rules of engagement that the counterguerrilla force adheres to must be defined.

Generally, these techniques can be classified as either counterguedrilla or defensive. Preventive defensive techniques include movement security, security patrolling, and combat patrolling, among others. If it continues to operate within the area that can be influenced by the main enemy forces, or if it utilizes conventional tactics, then it is not considered a guerrilla force.

FM Chptr 4 Counterguerrilla Operations In Conventional Conflicts

In some cases, if the guerrilla force is not too large, then it may rely on captured or improvised equipment and materiel. In applying these principles, the commander must be aware that the situation in each counterguerrilla operation is unique.

The dm force seeks to disrupt command, control, communications, and logistics operations and facilities. He will effect liaison with all forces operating in his area of responsibility, fix specific responsibilities, and exercise overall control of defensive operations in 900-8 to a guerrilla threat.

The weather is analyzed to determine its effect on both the guerrilla and the counterguernlla force. Counterbuerrilla distinctions between offensive and defensive techniques are sometimes difficult to discern. These actions may be conducted by conventional or unconventional forces utilizing guerrilla warfare tactics.


It must be anticipated that nuclear, chemical, and biological, as well as conventional weapons and tactics may be utilized to achieve guerrilla goals. The effect of those factors on the guerrilla and counterguerrilla forces is estimated, then the counterguerrilla force commander uses his estimate in formulating his plan to attack the guerrilla weaknesses while protecting his own vulnerable areas. Examples of techniques designed to minimize damage once an action starts include base defense, counterambush, and reaction forces.

In most cases, the one-third rule may be applied. To be successful in countering this type of war, the planners of counterguerrilla operations must understand the enemy and the unique environment in which he operates. The counterguerrilla force commander will be provided guidelines and directives on the current joint and combined procedures for establishing an effective rear defense.

An analysis of the factors of METT-T will provide the specific information and indications to complete operational plans. For further information on rear area operations, see FM The longer these units operate, the more they expend their assets. The time available for planning must be wisely utilized. Offensive and defensive techniques are discussed in Chapter 3. These operation include reconnaissance patrols, ambushes, attacks, encirclements, and movements to contact.


Rear battle FM is defined as those actions, including area damage control, taken by all units singly or in a combined effort to secure the force, neutralize or defeat enemy operations in the rear area, and ensure freedom of action in the deep and close-in battles.

The capabilities of the enemy are examined. It is analyzed in terms of its effect on men and equipment, trafficability, and visibility. Special units trained for guerrilla counterguerrjlla usually have a primary mission to conduct guerrilla warfare operations against targets of opportunity with a countervuerrilla mission to train an indigenous guerrilla force.

The guerrilla force also seeks to cut lines of communication and supply by counterguerrjlla supply columns, bridges, highways, and communications lines. It may not have to conduct continuous operations to achieve its goal. Population support for the goals of the enemy force usually favors the guerrilla. By destroying key facilities and interdicting lines of communication and supply, the guerrilla force causes confusion within the friendly force rear areas. Some of the questions that should be answered are:.

The ability of the guerrilla force to operate successfully does not rely on the attainment of popular support. If the command and support relationships are not clearly delineated in the initial order, then the commander must ensure that he receives that guidance prior to commencement of operations. An understanding of the goals of a guerrilla force operating in rear areas and a general analysis of the environment of the area of operations provide a framework for planning.

Usually, this type cunterguerrilla population is found when US forces operate in friendly territory or liberate areas opposed to the goals of the enemy force.

Techniques and tactics applied successfully in one situation may not be suitable if applied in the same manner in another situation.