Dramaturgy is a sociological perspective that focuses on the management of everyday life. Erving Goffman is credited as being one of the chief proponents. Erving Goffman (–) developed a dramaturgical theory of the self and society inspired by Mead’s basic conception of social interaction. In the selection . For Erving Goffman (–), arguably the most original For Goffman, the subject matter of dramaturgical sociology is the creation, main-.

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For example, a server in a restaurant is likely to perform one way in front of customers but might be much more casual in the kitchen.


In Frame Analysis[5] Goffman writes, “What is important is the sense he [a person or actor] provides them [the others or audience] through his dealing with them of what sort of person he is behind the role he is in” p. There are three basic roles in Goffman’s scheme, each centered on who has access to what information.

Their main avenue of concern for him or her is “customer service”. Goffman noticed this habit of society and developed the idea of front stage. It is termed as the “fully two-sided view of human interaction”.

Setting is the scene that must be present in order for gfofman actor to perform; if it is gone, the actor cannot perform. Conversation Analysis Previous post: Before an interaction with another, an individual prepares a role, or impression, that he or she wants to make on the other.

Goffman felt that life is not based off a script and is highly performative in nature.


New York, New York. Social Exchange, Dramaturgy and Ethnomethodology: Therefore, the compliment is accepted to be genuine as opposed dramatudgy being distracted and looking elsewhere while complimenting. All their actions are not to please anyone but their self in the backstage.

In addition, there are examples of how the audience for any personal performance plays a part in determining the course it takes: The servers have to act much more proper and presentable in the dining room than they do in the kitchen.

The actor knows he or she is being watched and acts accordingly. Peter Dramatturgy Publishing Inc. These decisions range from how we dress each day, like, for example, casual or formal clothing, how we style our hair to even decisions like the kind toffman body language that we display. Dramaturgical theory suggests that a person’s identity is not a stable and independent psychological entity, but rather, it is constantly remade as the eerving interacts with others.

The personal front is divided into two different aspects, appearance and manners.

Dramaturgy (sociology)

There are those sociologists who consider Dramaturgy a theory or theoretical framework, while others consider it a sociological paradigm. The roles gofmfan they play are the images individuals want to project and the script is the content being communicated.

Dramaturgical perspective is one of several sociological paradigms separated from other sociological theories because it does not examine the cause of human behavior but it analyzes the context. Making eye contact and smiling as we compliment someone reinforces what we say. According to Goffman, every individual is engaged in impression management by his conscious decision to present himself in a certain way and his continuous performance to ensure that a particular image of himself is established.


Our choices, inevitably, influence how the things we say are perceived. Retrieved from ” https: It is where facts suppressed in the front stage or various kinds of informal actions may appear. Dramaturgy tries to understand how order and ordering is established by a performance.

Specific performances may be given erbing the audience is segmented as such. Webarchive template wayback links Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from December Protective techniques are used once the interaction begins in order ervinng cover mistakes. Taste and Audience in Fashion Blogging. Normal life is compared to a play on stage and humans are the actors in the play of life. Every stage has two sides, one is the actual stage where the real performance takes place before an audience and the backstage, where rehearsals and preparations take place.

In dramaturgical sociology it is argued that the elements of human interactions are dependent upon time, place, and audience.

Dramaturgy (sociology) – Wikipedia

In his book The Presentation of Self in Everyday GoffmajGoffman defines front as “that part of the individual’s performance which regularly functions in a general and fixed fashion we define the situation for those who observe the performance. Interpersonal relationships Symbolic interactionism. This, essentially, is an act that is being put on for the benefit of their kids who are their audience.

Front, then, is the expressive equipment of a standard kind intentionally or unwittingly employed by the individual during his performance”