Description. Flavius Vegetius Renatus, the 4th century AD writer on military matters, was more well known during the Middle Ages than today. His “Epitoma Rei. Epitoma rei militaris. by Vegetius Renatus, Flavius; Reeve, Michael D. Publication date Language Latin; English. Book digitized by. De re militari (Latin “Concerning Military Matters”), also Epitoma rei militaris, is a treatise by the . Xii in the Royal Library, written and ornamented for Richard III of England, is a translation of Vegetius. It ends with a paragraph starting: “Here.
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The inhabitants of the province must likewise be obliged to retire with their effects into some fortified place before the irruption of the enemy. The Augustales were added by Augustus to the Ordinarii; and the Flaviales were appointed by Flavius Vespasian to double the number of the Augustales.
He insists upon the utmost meticulousness in drill. When once fixed in the shield it was impossible to draw them out, and when thrown with force and skill, they penetrated the cuirass without difficulty. In war discipline is superior to strength; but if that discipline is neglected, there is no longer any difference between the soldier and the peasant.
The Military Institutions of the Romans (De Re Militari)
If they could make them give way, they pursued them; but if they were repulsed by superior bravery or numbers, they retired behind their own heavy armed infantry, which appeared like a wall of iron and renewed the action, at first with their missile weapons, then sword rpitoma hand.
The Beneficiarii are so named from their owing their promotion to the benefit or interest of the Tribunes. Such is the arrangement and disposition of the ten cohorts that compose it, as to appear one perfect body and form one complete whole.
They are called bebrae, and every man carries two or three of them to battle. My last two copies of the Vegetius Epitome were both borrowed, and never returned. Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatusthough the work was revised a number of times afterwards.
A camp which is too confined will not permit the troops to perform their movements with freedom, and one which is too extensive divides them too much. While the troops are yet separated and each corps continues in its respective quarters, let the tribunes, their lieutenants and the officers in genera4 make it their business to keep up so strict a discipline as to leave them no room to harbor any thoughts but of submission and obedience.
Barnes, “The Date of Vegetius” Phoenix All our writers agree that never more than two legions, besides auxiliaries, were sent under the command of each consul against the most numerous armies of the enemies.
Share your thoughts with other customers. II, Berlin,although brief, is very acute. These precautions prevented any mistake, as every century was guided not only by its own ensign but likewise by the peculiar form of the helmet of its commanding officers.
The excellence of their discipline made their small armies sufficient to encounter all their enemies with success. And if their quarters are near the sea or a river, let them all, without exception, be obliged in the summer to have the frequent practice of swimming.
He was instructed in what manner to advance and retire, and in short how to take every advantage of his adversary; but was thus above all particularly cautioned not to lay himself open to his antagonist while aiming his stroke at him.
Editions and translations epitpma edit ] The most reliable modern edition is that of Michael D. Discover Prime Book Box for Kids. The rwi of the camps must be determined by the number of troops and quantity of baggage, that a large army may have room enough, and that a small one may not be obliged to extend itself beyond its proper ground.
But the peculiar officer of the legion was the Praefect, who was always a count of the first order. From the Lessing J. The tenth consists of the same number of five hundred and fifty-five foot and sixty-six horse and requires good men, as it closes the left neglish of the second line.
The manner and disposition of defense must be varied according to the difference of ground.
Men are frightened and thrown into disorder by sudden accidents and surprises of no consequence when foreseen. And we should constantly keep in readiness some detachments of cavalry and light infantry, enlish fall upon them when they least expect it, either on the march, or when foraging or marauding.
These ten cohorts form dnglish complete legions, consisting in the whole of six thousand one hundred foot and seven hundred and twenty-six horses. These military maxims and instructions, invincible Emperor, as a proof of my devotion and zeal for your service, I have carefully collected from the works of all the ancient authors on the subject.
Men thus trained are never at a loss amidst the greatest confusion of numbers.
Full text of “The Military Institutions Of The Romans [De Re Militari].pdf (PDFy mirror)”
It has indeed reached our cimes, although little regard is paid to it at present. Seeck’s conclusions changed the mind of Karl Lang, who twice edited the Teubner De re militariaand adopted Seeck’s ascription. The slingers should be taught to whirl the sling but once about the head before they cast the stone. In short, it is the duty of the Decurion to be attentive to whatever concerns the health or discipline of the men or horses in his troop. But on a march the soldier is less on his guard, has not his arms always ready and is thrown into disorder by a sudden attack or ambuscade.
When the river is too deep to be forded either by the mliitaris or infantry, the water is drawn off, if it runs militarks a plain, by cutting a great number of trenches, and thus it is passed with ease.
The next article is of the greatest importance: To do this, he eulogises the army of the early Empire. He was instructed in what manner to advance and retire, and in short eoitoma to take every advantage of his adversary; but was thus above all particularly cautioned not to lay himself open to his antagonist while aiming his stroke at him.
After their examination, the recruits should then receive the military mark, and be taught the use of their arms by constant and daily exercise. The englisb printed edition was made in Utrecht in No less than forty have appeared in Germany in the 19th and 20th centuries. These are to be rejected and replaced by better men; for it is not numbers, but bravery which carries the day.
For this reason they exercised eppitoma infantry without intermission. Vegetius also describes in detail the organisation, training and equipment of the army of the early Empire.
Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus
Go to the editions section to read or download ebooks. The fortifications and all the machines of different kinds must also be examined and repaired in time. Soldiers, notwithstanding their defensive armor, are often more annoyed by the round stones from the sling than by all the arrows of the enemy.
Robin Bush engkish the United Kingdom later known for his Time Team expertisemilitairs this handbook was repeatedly sourced again. The first Triarius had the command of one hundred men.