El Maximato. DK The Maximato took place from Solidified political system; Enfasized creation of Mexican Identity (feeling of. Maximato was a period in the historical and political development of Mexico ranging from to That period was named after Plutarco Elías Calles, who. Plutarco Elías Calles: Plutarco Elias Calles, Mexican military and political leader who modernized the revolutionary armies and later became president of Mexico.

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A Latino Leader of the s”.

The party gained secure revenue and organizational strength by eh members of constituent organizations be dues-paying members of the party. He reformed the Law of Secretaries of State, transforming the Department of Commerce, Commerce and Labor, into the Secretariat of the National Economy, which was responsible for establishing the bases of state interventionism and directed economy.

Calles was an extremely gifted organizer and leader and was a general in the battles, first against Victoriano Huerta and then against Pancho Villa and his rebel forces. He created the Department of Labor. InOrtiz Rubio published a eh. With the outbreak of the Mexican Revolution in and the election of Francisco I. Carranza was killed as…. Pascual Ortiz Rubio Spanish pronunciation: The Journal of San Diego History During the Maximato, Calles became mexicl authoritarian.

From Mxeico, the free encyclopedia. Infollowing these events, “Calles won the pre-arranged elections before the eyes of an indifferent nation. His detractors drew comparisons between Calles and the ” Grand Turk “, the anti-Christian leaders from the era of the Crusades. In Calles was elected president.

Pascual Ortiz Rubio

The Constitutionalist faction went on to defeat rival revolutionary factions. Created the Federal Electricity Commission. By the early eh, the government was persecuting the Mexican Communist Party and allowing fascist organizations to terrorize Mexico’s small Jewish population. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. A History of Modern Mexico, — By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.


By the summer oftwo of Calles’ former wartime subordinates had risen to the top of the party: La Reforma Reform War French intervention. The national mineral reserves of gold, copper, antimony, selenium, mercury, glacinium, aluminum, manganese, chromium, platinum, radioactive minerals, mineral coal, iron, sulfur, bismuth, calcium, vanadium, molybdenum, tungsten, graphite, asbestos, magnesite, phosphates, nitrates and precious stones.

The Mexican Revolution, —p. The Mexican government violently persecuted the clergy, massacring suspected Cristeros and their supporters. Officially, afterCalles served as minister of war, as he continued to suppress the rebellion of the Cristero War ; however, a few months later, following the intervention of the United States ambassador Dwight Morrowthe Mexican government and the Cristeros signed a peace treaty. Morones of the powerful Regional Confederation of Mexican Workers CROMwho might have been responsible for the assassination to gain power himself; and toward the assassin, Toral.

A Latino Leader of the s”.

The effects of Calles’s policy on the Church were profound. Revolutions in World Historyp. A History of Fascism. The Academy of American Franciscan History. One of the major points of contention with the U. A Latino Leader of the s”. Maderounder whom he became a police commissioner, and his ability to align himself with the Constitutionalists led by Venustiano Carranzathe political winners of the Mexican Revolution — In effect, the party represented the institutionalization of the new power structure that had emerged as a result of….

Though he was becoming increasingly conservativehe sponsored agrarian, labour, and educational reforms.

Pascual Ortiz Rubio – Wikipedia

During the next six years a period known as the MaximatoCalles exercised behind-the-scenes control over Mexican politics maximago the actions of three presidents who were essentially his puppets.


Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we’ll add it to the article. Firstly, an interim president was to be appointed followed by new elections.

The oil problem stemmed from article 27 of the Mexican Constitution ofwhich re-stated a law from Spanish origin that maxomato everything under the soil property of the state.

Views Read Edit View history. Officially, afterhe served as minister of war, maximsto he continued to suppress the rebellion of the Cristero War, but a few months later, after intervention of the United States ambassador Dwight Morrow, the Mexican government and the Cristeros signed a peace treaty.

He also lengthened the presidential term from four to six years.

ej He continued one more year as Governor of northern Baja California, and then inhe held two different cabinet positions under president Ortiz. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. Secondly, Calles created an enduring political institution, the Partido Nacional Revolucionario PNRthat held presidential power from until Charles Scribner’s Sons Mexicocountry of southern North America and the third largest country in Latin America, after Brazil and Argentina.

Abelardo L. Rodríguez

The debate on the new oil law occurred inwith U. Emilio Portes Gil became interim president, taking office on 1 December and serving until 5 February The Mexican Political System. A History of Fascism. This page was last edited on 16 Decemberat