Problemas del realismo – Georg Lukács El asalto a la razón. La trayectoria del irracionalismo desde Schelling hasta Hitler – Georg Lukács. by Lu ka qi; Georg Lukacs.; Wang jiu xing.;. Print book. Chinese El asalto a la razón: la trayectoria del irracionalismo by György Lukács · El asalto a la razón . (). Introduccion General a la Historia de Derecho. Barcelona, Gedisa. LESSIG , , , , , LUKACS, Georg. (). El asalto a la razon.

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The setting up of a past age as an ideal for the present age to realize also belonged to the intellectual armoury of Romantic anti-capitalism.

And to the extent to which we can speak of a logico-philosophical order in his work here at all, it can have but one meaning. In the circumstances we deem it necessary to point out the striking parallels which also exist between Nietzsche and Mach on the question of God. One potter will resent another, one carpenter the other, beggar envies beggar and singer envies singer.

Only in the light of all these facts are we entitled to claim — without losing a just sense of proportion — that the years marked another turning-point in wl development of ideology.

The Destruction of Reason by Georg Lukacs

Gert Kalow – – Piper. This further ell to explain why the ideological struggle against Marxism took place on an incomparably lower level than did, in its own day, the reactionary irrationalist critique of Hegelian dialectics. The reason is that these forms guarantee the expression most fitted to a mixture of a mere scenting of future developments on the one hand, and an acute observation and evaluation of their symptoms on the other.

With Nietzsche, on the contrary, as we have seen already and will see again in more detail, we have a veritable conception of an unleashing of the instincts: Nietzsche was asalti associated with the Romantic movement.

How far these views were associated with reactionary illusions about the socialist ban is lq by the new and final turn they took.

Nietzsche, in turn, could become witty once more because, as a result of his method of indirect apologetics, he commanded a wide field for ruthless criticism, especially in the cultural sphere. But this is an illusion, and it is highly likely that Nietzsche was labouring under it himself. Injustice never lies in unequal rights; it lies in the claim to equal rights Admittedly this was only so up to a point. True, the accordingly defensive character of bourgeois philosophy only had a slow and paradoxical influence.

It is of the essence of bourgeois thinking that it cannot manage without illusions. This mythical form furthered his influence not only because it was to become the increasingly dominant mode of philosophical expression in the imperialist age. In The Will to Power he wrote: But such talk was growing increasingly apologetic and dissembling, becoming more and more obliged to hush up, gloss over and misrepresent the actual facts of social life and their immanent contradictions.


The concrete contents of these philosophical areas are therefore primary to his system. Bentham was bound to grow dull because he was doggedly defending a capitalism that had already triumphed, and to do this he had to overlook the most significant social phenomena or distort reality with the aid of rose-tinted spectacles.

In the Enlightenment, the idea was to prove that belief in God might not signify any kind of moral imperative for mankind, that the moral laws would operate in a society of atheists just as much as in one where religious patronage held sway Bayle.

He had a special sixth sense, an anticipatory sensitivity to what the parasitical intelligentsia would need in the imperialist age, what would inwardly move and disturb it, and what kind of answer would most appease it.

In its farrago of pseudo-science and wild fantasy, this doctrine has caused many Nietzsche interpreters a lot of embarrassment.

There is so much uncertainty raazon the end that men will kow-tow to any old will power that issues the orders. But with the difference, characteristic of this period, that Nietzsche now thought the evolution which he praised Voltaire for representing was the surest antidote to revolution i.

John Dewey – – Freeport, N. But these he proceeded to overcome as he developed, even if — with regard to the crucially important method of indirect apologetics — he still remained a pupil of Schopenhauer and preserved as his basic concept the irrational one of the Dionysian principle against reason, for instinct ; but not without significant modifications, as we shall see.

Here, and particularly with regard to personal conduct and morality, they perceived auguries of a possible social recovery and, in connection with it — naturally this thought was uppermost — of their own recovery.

The polemics of bourgeois science and philosophy were increasingly directed against the new pukacs, socialism. Hence he was capable on occasion of misleading those who failed to see that the Christian Heaven and the materialist view of objective reality are mythically synthesized in his concept of the Beyond. The species do not grow perfectly: The worker is faring far too well not gradually to start asking raaon questions and to ask them less modestly. Certainly it is no coincidence that Nietzsche lapsed into romantic fatuity in this particular area; after all, it is the main problem in his philosophizing.


Such phantoms as the dignity of man, the dignity of labour are the shabby products of a slave mentality hiding from its own nature.

It will be the empire in which Frederick the Prussian and Goethe the German are at one. Find it on Scholar. With regard therefore to the philosophy of human behaviour ethics, psychology and social philosophy always coalesce in Nietzschehe harked back to the epoch paving the way for bourgeois ascendancy, to the Renaissance, French classicism and the Enlightenment.

And he did so precisely by suggesting that they were not over-egotistic but rather lacking in egotism, and that they must — with a good conscience — become more egotistic still.

Die Zerstörung der Vernunft der Weg des Irrationalismus von Schelling Zu Hitler

We shall begin by quoting some concluding sentences of Ecce homo. The one is not to be desired without the other — or rather, the more thoroughly you want the one, the more thoroughly you will achieve the other. We do not need direct quotation to show that here Nietzsche, from first to last, was trying to make the idea of human equality intellectually contemptible and to wipe it out: Behind all these noble breeds there is no mistaking the beast of prey, the magnificent blond beast in greedy search of spoils and conquest In The Twilight of the Idols he quite unequivocally posed this question: Request removal from index.

In both cases, Darwinism was only a mythologized pretext for the ideological war against the proletariat.

By rejecting any criterion of truth other than usefulness for the biological survival of the individual and the specieshe became an important precursor of imperialist pragmatism. He was, on the contrary, idealizing those egotistic tendencies in the declining bourgeoisie that were burgeoning in his own lifetime and became truly, universally prevalent in the imperialist period.

Thus he wrote in The Will to Power: We exposed in our preceding chapter this kind of modern reactionary defence against philosophical progress and the dialectical method, and we traced the essence and methodology of modern irrationalism back to precisely this type of reaction.

The similarity to which Kaufmann draws attention is of a purely external, stylistic nature. Here too we must refrain from taking tone and style as our criterion, or else we could easily say with Baeumler: For example, Nietzsche reproached D.