[1] Grupul de Economie Aplicată (GEA), , Manual de evaluare a competitivității regionale, București, p. 5. Local economical development principles. Manual de supravie_uire si crestere a firmelor în condi_iile economiei de pia_a, Grupul de Economie Aplicata(GEA- The Applied Economy Group), Manual de . Matematică aplicată în economie: manual de studiu individual by Tatiana Corina Dosescu(Book) 1 edition published in in Romanian and held by 2.

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Once resources are exhausted and the work force revolts, industries relocate themselves. Association has a team permanent staff which has a role in: He argues the need for stronger industrial ties between the competitive sectors, so that the participation in international competition to lead to growth effects for the national prosperity. There are also incipient clusters vertically integrated in the clothing industry Focsani. Agglomeration economies are manifested as internal economies of scale, localization economies and urbanization economies.

LTIS – CATEDRA DE ȘTIINȚE SOCIO-UMANE | Category | Manuale Scolare

Vertically integrated clusters exist in automobile industry supplier- manufacturer eonomiechemicals, clothing, hardware, furniture, and the horizontal ones in the light industry clothing, shoes fashion, media, software, bio – tech. O1, O3, R1, R5 1. Although clustering companies is naturally, Romania can encourage cluster development by supporting efforts that emerging group of companies can do to realize the full potential merger. Industrial or commercial specialization, diversification, innovation and improving quality and interrelationship between companies operating in a region, or their complementary characteristics, are traits that distinguish a pure agglomeration from an industrial cluster.

We shall also present the initiatives of cluster aplicaga between the European states, successful clusters, with a possible multiplication effect. The existence of an early horizontal cluster is motivated by the companies perception in terms of characteristics of local production system: Project partners from seven countries, three from Western Europe Germany, Italy and United Kingdom and four from Central and Eastern Europe Czech Republic, Poland, Slovenia and Romania are investigating trough case studies the relationship between clusters, at an European level.

Hoover Hoover,domestic scale economies are specific to companies; the economies of localizing – to a certain ecobomie, whose companies form clusters in certain geographical arias, and the urbanization economies are specific to cities, where there are clusters of companies from different branches. Based on the analysis of a duopoly, Hotelling Hotelling, considers that problems of localization in this case tend to result in a concentrated location in the center of the market, provided that the market demand is completely inelastic.


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Thus, a possible cluster was located in the ceramics industry in Alba County and another one in the software production in Bucharest. Other descriptions of industrial clusters are based on: Product life cycle theory is developed by Raymond Vernonwhich started its work on links between the expenses incurred by the firm for long-term research and development and its possibilities of winning according to phases or steps that can browse a product from its launch on the market, until the end of its production.

The specific actions that can be undertaken by the government: Explanations are based on recording specific economies of scale, known as agglomeration economies. Industrial clusters are not simply agglomerations of companies studied over time by A.

Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. Remember me on this computer. In the three countries there are two types of cluster support schemes: However, innovation is stimulated by facilitating market testing or by new products marketing.

The English cluster means bunch, bouquet, group. Marshall, Hoover, Perroux, Chimitz and Mills.

Dosescu, Tatiana Corina

Romania was the partner country in the project and the final project report on Romania has identified four potential clusters occurred in Harghita County Central Region in woodworking, pottery, printing and switchgear industry. Alfred Marshall showed that geographical concentration of a particular industry determines specialty suppliers, attracts the workforce as a set of common skills, ensures economic security for the employees, and creates good market for the suppliers and conditions of improving and specializing the offer.

Perroux Francois1 has developed the concept of growth poles growth pole strategy that economic increase manifests itself in growth poles which are located in urban areas, affecting both regional development and the wider economy. Established priority areas and their quotes are: After the study it was identified the existence of three incipient clusters, aplicta Romania. After developing the theory of polarized development, most of the concepts apliicata the spontaneous reduction of disparities in regional economic development as the generalization of the process, find theoretical support in various formulations of this theory.


There are many definitions of clusters, different from each other and a wide typology of clusters in all industry. Creating and developing a regional specific, through the formation of clusters, helps regions in creating a productive business environment, leading to attract as many specialized companies on their territory.

These poles are highly entrepreneurship and have a profitable business environment. These separate units are called growth poles and they can be large companies, industrial sites, important elements of infrastructure port, airport, motorway that by their mere presence attract a lot of other activities or even an urban pole with its own activity.

In Germany, The European Cluster Observatory mentioned clusters in the following areas of activity: Boudeville demonstrated that regional growth pole has a large number of development sectors, located in urban areas and which are able to generate increased economic activity around the entire area of influence.

Government policies should be oriented towards supporting the development of existing clusters or in training, rather than towards the creation of new clusters. Clusters represent an important instrument for promoting industrial development, innovation, competitiveness and economic growth. Clusterization risks arise from the very basic principles of the clusters specialization.

Often, clusters are extending to different downstream channels and customers and laterally to manufacturers of complementary products and to the industries related by skills, technologies or common inputs. Skip to main content.

In developed economies, they communicate, creating genuine network development. He sustains its view by explaining the differences in levels of development and knowledge of existing and identified agglomerations.

The potential clusters were identified in the textile industry from Timis and Bacau counties, software sector from Timisoara, Cluj majual Bucharest, woodworking in Mures, in the chemical industry, metal products, general purpose machinery and engines form Brasov, and the local clusters in different areas such as – leather and footwear, electrical components, telecommunications equipment and radio and TV.

Increased mobility of information that occurred due to interactive system of the clusters is the third main benefit of clusterization.