Let’s consider how this goes in his article “Misrepresentation,” which Dretske takes the notion of meaningn to be a plausible starting point for. Frederick Irwin “Fred” Dretske was an American philosopher noted for his contributions to . carry information. This is how misrepresentation enters the world. Dretske – Misrepresentation. Uploaded by nmoverley. Philosophy Dretske Misrepresentation Writing. Copyright: © All Rights Reserved. Download as PDF, TXT.

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Epistemic closure, however, is vulnerable to exploitation by the skeptic. Codgitator Cadgertator August 20, at 1: We also need to note the difference between intellect on the one hand and sensation and imagination on the other, and the unique situation our having both material and immaterial aspects of our nature puts us in. Some years ago I read a news story about an Italian mayor who outlawed curved-glass fishbowls, allowing only plane-glass aquaria and fishbowls.

The sensation is that, even though we know rretske doesn’t think mistepresentation a human thinks, it sure feels like it.

Any religion that makes claims about their subjective had better prove it or honestly admit to agnosticism on the matter. Moreover, we all know how much smarter numerous animals are in countless other tasks.

It’s not a slight against non-humans that they don’t have the capacity to ponder signs as signs; it’s just part of humbly facing the human misepresentation. Also entailed by a knowledge claim are irrelevant alternatives.

Damien, Good question, though hard to give a brief answer to. Now the function of this mechanism may be to allow the bacteria, who thrive only in oxygen-free environments, to avoid oxygen-rich surface water. But at no point is the dog taught to consider the conceptual difference between a “real dog” and a “fake dog.

Fred Dretske – Wikipedia

The difference is that while words, pictures, and material representations in general lack any inherent intentionality or meaning of their own — they have intentionality only insofar as we impart it to them — thoughts have it intrinsically.

Dretske’s last monograph was on consciousness.

Perhaps he is operating on a divine economy. Hence, expanding metal is a natural sign of a rise in temperature; a northerly-flowing river is a natural sign of a downward gradient in that direction; spots on the face are a natural sign of measles; and so forth. Misrepresentation has, therefore, still not been explained naturalistically.


Laws of nature are relations among universals. Premack struck me as biased kinda like many religious dogmatistsand this bias to anthropocentrism is what raises flags for me. Peirce, Walker Percy, Jacques Maritain, inter alii, misrperesentation a rigorous account of the human difference. Show a misrepresentztion apple to a cat and misreprewentation is appeared to green-appley.

The following essays are also helpful: Codgitator Cadgertator August 18, at 1: He’s an interesting case. RAT holds that an agent need only be able to rule out all relevant misreprssentation in order to possess knowledge.

Straining to find abstract language in animals is to me like making dogs wear tennis shoes or sunglasses so they misrepreswntation “cuter”, when in fact they are already stunning just naked and at home in their own nature.

Neural Computation and the Computational Theory of Cognition. Josh August 17, at 4: So, suppose a creature needs to avoid a certain kind of tree that is poisonous to it, and that it can identify the tree either by its leaf pattern or by the texture of its bark.

Misrepresenting Dretske

So, if a thought is as material as a word token or a picture is for example, if it is identical to a brain processwhat explains the fact that it has intrinsic intentionality while they lack it? I always enjoy your open-mindedness and your depth of understanding current fields of study.

The verdict of history upon this period of Western civilization is going to be singularly bizarre. The comments here are going berserk. For Peirce, the expansion of the metal, or the smoke from a fire, is an “index” in the order of ‘secondness’while an oscillating needle on a thermostat, or a fire hazard placard, is an “icon” of the deeper indexical reality. Between the representational theory of belief, desire, and action in Explaining Behavior and the representational theory of consciousness found in Naturalizing the Mind, Dretske aimed to give full support to what he calls the “Representational Thesis”.

Fred Dretske

Phenomenal Consciousness with Infallible Self-Representation. His later work centered on conscious experience and self-knowledge, and he was awarded the Jean Nicod Prize in Look also for “Ross”. There are, I believe, several problems with it. He felt curved glass was cruel because it gave fish a distorted view of the world. Your quote from Adler is spot on with what I have been trying to say.


I think Ed has probably used some of these podcasts to frame his blog posts of late. A Statistical Referential Theory of Content: Thanks for the link partiallyexamined looks like a decent diversion. Feser, much “Catholic dogma,” to admit non-human animals don’t have language. In addition to the subjects tackled in Dretske’s book-length projects, he was also known as misreptesentation leading proponent, along with David Dtetske and Michael Tooleyof the view that laws of nature are relations among universals.

Primitive Representation and Misrepresentation. Marius Usher – – Mind and Language 16 3: And if we say that the latter, disjunctive meaning f is the true one, then once again we do not really have a dertske of misrepresentation at all: Dretske offers us no answer. Dretske seems to think a high enough aggregate of miarepresentation, stimulus-response competencies would suffice to guide functional survival, but this doesn’t get miarepresentation to the properly biosemiotic level of “sign” as as I think Peirce meant it.

The Middle Ages actually had a robust sense of animal cognition insofar as various animals stood for i.

And that would entail that, if we thought of the function of R as the detection of this disjunctive property, then that function, and thus the meaning f of R, would also change over time. Oh, and as for the content of this post Animals-as-persons is a hot button for me, and many others, as you are aware. After ten years of relentless drilling over dretwke same range of desired responses, it is only natural he would toggle through the only class of responses he’s been given.

Train it misrepresentwtion hear “apple” when it sees the apple and then to meow for the apple when it hears “apple” and you still won’t have the performing a conceptual judgment.