Varactor Diodes are available at Mouser Electronics. Mouser offers inventory, pricing, & datasheets for Varactor Diodes. Modulación con diodo varactor. La figura muestra el diagrama de un generador más práctico de FM que usa un diodo varactor, para desviar la frecuencia. [a] Il diodo Varactor a giunzione lineare In particular, the diode In has a CT of- 1 pF La capacità di transizione è tanto maggiore quanto – 1 pF.

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Phase-locked loops are used for the frequency synthesizers that tune many radios, varactot setsand cellular telephones. Varactor Tuner A popular application of the varactor is in electronic tuning circuits, as in television tuners.

diodo varactor – English Translation – Word Magic Spanish-English Dictionary

A voltage controlled capacitance is useful for tuning applications. Mann, “Voltage sensitive semiconductor capacitor”, published 23 Mayissued 20 Juneassigned to Pacific Semiconductors, Inc.

In electronicsa varicap diodevaractor diodevariable capacitance diodevariable reactance varactlr or tuning diode is a type of diode designed to exploit the voltage-dependent capacitance of a reverse-biased p—n junction. Potentiometer digital Variable capacitor Varicap. Sometimes, with very high-Q tuned circuits, an inductor is placed in series with the resistor to increase the source impedance of the control voltage so as not to load the tuned circuit and decrease its Q.

The amount of reverse bias controls the thickness of the depletion zone and therefore the varactor’s junction capacitance. Index Electronics concepts Diode varieties. Popular makeshift varicaps include LEDs, [5] varacctor series rectifier diodes, [6] Schottky rectifiers and various transistors used with their collector-base junctions reverse biased, [7] particularly the 2N and BC This reduces the overall capacitance and the capacitance range by half, but has the advantage of reducing the AC component of voltage across each device and has symmetrical distortion should the AC component possess enough amplitude to bias the varicaps into forward conduction.

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Varicap – Wikipedia

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Varicaps. The three leaded devices depicted at the top of the page are generally two common cathode connected varicaps in a single package. Views Read Edit View history. Another common configuration uses two back-to-back anode to anode varicap diodes. Capacitor types Ceramic resonator Crystal oscillator Inductor Parametron Relay reed relay mercury switch. If a sine wave current of sufficient amplitude is applied driven through a varicap, the resultant voltage gets “peaked” into a more triangular shape, and odd harmonics are generated.


In some applications, such as harmonic multiplicationa large signal amplitude alternating voltage is baractor across a varicap to deliberately vary the capacitance at signal rate to generate higher harmonics, which are extracted through filtering. Varactors are used as voltage-controlled capacitors.

This section does not cite any sources. The capacitance is controlled by the method of doping in the depletion layer. They are often used in pairs to switch between two different RF sources such as the VHF varacto UHF bands in a television tuner by supplying them with complementary bias voltages.

Separation of grounds is often done to i prevent high-frequency radiation from the low-frequency ground node, and ii prevent DC currents in the AC ground node changing bias and operating points of active devices such as varicaps and transistors.

This page was last edited on 12 Novemberat Special types of varicap diode exhibiting an varaftor change in capacitance can often be found in consumer equipment such as television tuners, which are used to switch radio frequency signal paths.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The DC control voltage varies the capacitance of the varactor, retuning the resonant circuit.

See lower left circuit in diagram.

Generally the use of a varicap diode in a circuit requires connecting it to a tuned circuitusually in parallel with any existing capacitance or inductance. Microelectronic circuits 6th ed. Varactors are operated in a reverse-biased state, so no DC current flows through the device.

A varactor diode uses a p-n junction in reverse bias and has a structure such that the capacitance of the diode varies with the reverse voltage. September Learn how and when to remove this template message. Early varicap diodes usually required a reverse voltage dlodo of 0—33 v to obtain their full capacitance ranges, which were still quite small, approximately 1—10 pF.

NXP BBY40,215 Varactor, 26pF min, 5:1 Tuning Ratio, 30V, 3-Pin SOT-23 (TO-236AB)

Wikipedia articles needing varactir from May Articles needing additional references from September All articles needing additional references Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January Commons category link is on Wikidata Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers. Maximum reverse bias voltage is usually between 5 and 7 Volts, before the avalanche process starts conducting. They are commonly used in voltage-controlled oscillatorsparametric amplifiersand frequency multipliers.


A popular application of the varactor is in electronic tuning circuits, as in television tuners. Varicap diode Internal structure of a varicap. This is done to keep varacgor down — two dual packages could have been used, one for the tank and one for the oscillator, four diodes in all, and this is what was depicted in the application data for the LAN AM radio vxractor. Under forward bias, the electrons move from the n-type material to the metal and give up their energy quickly.

These types were — and still are — extensively used in television tuners, whose high carrier frequencies require only small changes in capacitance. These circuit configurations vxractor quite common in television tuners and electronically tuned broadcast AM and FM receivers, as well as other communications equipment and industrial equipment.

Higher-current devices with greater junction area tend to possess higher capacitance.

The varicap was developed by the Pacific Semiconductor subsidiary of the Ramo Wooldridge Corporation who received a patent for the device in June The second varicap effectively replaces the blocking capacitor in the first circuit.

Dr Tuttle’s Home Page. Some designs of electronic security tag readers used in retail outlets require these high capacitance varicaps in their voltage-controlled oscillators. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. All diodes exhibit this variable junction capacitance, but varactors are manufactured to exploit the effect and increase the capacitance variation. Schottky Diode Junction of lightly doped n-type semiconductor with a metal electrode. There are no holes minority carriersso the conduction quickly stops upon change to reverse bias.

This depletion layer can also be made of a MOS or a Schottky diode.