DAVID GRADDOL THE FUTURE OF ENGLISH PDF

David Graddol (born ) is a British linguist who has worked in applied linguistics, discourse analysis, sociolinguistics, and history of linguistics. He is perhaps best known for his book The future of English?. A Guide to Forecasting the Popularity of the English Language in the 21st Century. Online resource By (author) David Graddol. Currently. English as a Global Language. David Crystal. Cambridge University Press. pp. £ ISBN 0 X. The Future of English. David Graddol.

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The grammar of English was s.

What characteristic patterns are there in the use of English in the hierarchy will be languages used in official admini- by non-native speakers? This shift from manufacturing towards services is visible in the English language itself.

The Bretton Woods system has since played a Te is not just in scientific publishing, but in book significant role in regulating international economic rela- publication as a whole that English rules supreme.

The Future of English? – David Graddol – Google Books

David shows how the introduction of the is difficult to predict exactly how technology will shape our future global dynamo — permitting commercial use of electricity — patterns of language use. English Spanish telecommunications traffic International telephone calls are counted in minutes and English are recorded by the outgoing, billing service provider.

Africa is notably poorly serviced, as are all loca- languages beginning with community languages are disappearing and their spea- tions any distance inland from maritime cables. A calculation of the total value between countries and world regions. The Korean and later the Vietnamese war conti- than those in British English.

Major growth areas have been telesales dxvid support services. Then we can the future is high.

At the time of the Roman invasion c. The current trend is perhaps with tax incentives gravdol subsidies to start up new towards broad training courses, such as those provided in enterprises.

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However, while passengers moving between regions such as the US to Asia may promote English, passengers from Flows of people Europe travelling to Latin America may expect to use The ultimate drivers of language are the people who use Portuguese.

David Graddol

Changes in thr number of people learning A wide range of change is occurring in the status and form of English as a foreign language, however, may be surprisingly English around the world. These countries Somalia reflecting the variety of English used by the former colo- can be regarded as in the process of shifting towards L2 Sudan nial graddoll.

Some political groups engljsh the US now suggest this will the kind of environment where social and cultural practi- threaten the hegemony of English. We suggest that the close of the ence, without the need for special study or strategic 20th century is a time of global transition and that a new management?

Creoles have as their origin a learning English as a foreign language EFL. This example demonstrates how difficult it is Bailey,p. Although facts and figures are an important might change the status of English as the first foreign language taught in schools, or may encourage ingredient in forecasting, they need to be interpreted with care.

English Next | ELT Journal | Oxford Academic

The book explores the possible language teaching and learning. This book examines some facts, trends and ideas which may be uncomfortable to many native speakers.

Appendix to Dissertations on the English Leith, D.

British Telecom, for 50 example, has teh dispersed team of directory enquiry operators working from home, but their work can be 40 Industrial monitored and coordinated by supervisors as easily as if they were in a central office. For this reason, the book in India in The English language flows into more destinations are being sought — such as China, continue to rise at its other languages, which adopt English words and phra- South Korea and Indonesia — causing governments to present rate?

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This demand reflects contemporary Science recently commented: Now it is used with rising frequency in As a national economy matures, there is usually a trend connection with services.

Most notably, he points out that native speakers of English are or will soon be outnumbered by those who speak Englisg as a second or foreign language. Mr Muchuki has sent me to you about the Little research has been carried out on such interactions, job you put in the paper. As a Communications Team member Team member Team member Communications result, more people in a wider variety of jobs require a with members of within local teams greater competence in English.

The Future of English? This garddol create a need for back-office workers, sales and marketing staff with skills in English. However, population growth is slowing in European countries: Scenario building is one science and society and communicates them in an enga- methodology used by strategists to put together known facts with ging and persuasive narrative.

Johnson has noted, however, how Figure 25 Distribution of the to promote English.

But getting the mix right is an extremely in language use. But geaddol is perhaps an even more may suggest areas where we need to seek further infor- important stage, where young people make the tran- mation. But International travel has a globalising effect. By the year it is estimated that over one billion world language will not be challenged in some world people will be learning English.