Details of the image ‘Coxa vara and coxa valga: diagram’ Modality: Diagram. Coxa valga describes a deformity of the hip where there is an increased angle between the femoral When the angle is coxa vara. decreased proximal femoral neck-shaft angle; vertical position of the proximal femoral physis and varus. pathomechanics. coxa vara and.

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This page was last edited on 1 Aprilat There is a risk that the greater trochanter may lose both tension and lever arm, which can lead to a lurch or Trendelenburg gait. Using the x-rays, the joint orientation angles of the hip are measured. Patients with coxa vara often show:. The greater trochanter is lateralized, increasing abductor lever arm. The Ganz osteotomy does not actually lengthen the femur, as the Morscher and Wagner approaches do. Valgus angles greater than degrees put the patient at risk of hip subluxation dislocation.

Pectus excavatum Pectus carinatum.

D ICD – That is usually the journal article where the information was first stated. This article about a disease of musculoskeletal and connective tissue is a stub. This approach has yielded excellent results, extending the life of vakga hip for our patients while addressing their pain and disability. The shaft of the femur cooxa not moved laterally, however, a major difference with the Morscher osteotomy. It’s an intricate system affected by your metabolism, nutrition, medications, wear-and-tear and medi Articles lacking sources from December All articles lacking sources Infobox medical condition new All stub articles.


Your bones are your body’s framework. Example of normal proximal femoral angles. Literature is lacking, but surgical management appears to be the accepted treatment protocol for this condition. Subluxation in children is measured foxa the Migration Index and the Centre edge Angle.

The Wagner osteotomy is used to change the part of the femoral head that is articulating with the acetabulum. Prevention is always optimal, but when problems occur, treatment might involve weight-bearing exercise, dietary changes, exercise, medical treatments and possibly surgery.

Coxa vara and coxa valga: diagram | Image |

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A Trendelenburg limp is sometimes associated with unilateral coxa vara and a waddling gait is often seen when bilateral coxa vara is present. Because of this, consideration of the muscles of the hip and upper femur is crucial to avoid developing further complications. The hip is well covered, protecting it during lengthening Ganz Osteotomy The Ganz osteotomy is combined with a capsulotomy and a safe-surgical dislocation of the hip.

Therefore, valgus osteotomy needs to translate laterally towards the outside to avoid developing a translation deformity. Coxa valga is a deformity due to an increase in the angle between the head and neck of the femur and its shaft normally degrees.


Contraindications for joint replacement include advanced arthrosis and stiffness. The osteotomy allows the proximal femur to be turned inwards because it does not elevate the greater trochanter. Premature epiphyseal closure is described as one of the ethiological factors of coxa vara.

Acheiropodia Ectromelia Phocomelia Amelia Varq. Acetabular index AI and sourcil slope SS are significantly different than in the normal acetabulum. Anteversion of the femur inward twisting can create coxa valga. When performing osteotomies of the hip joint, it is crucial to consider the surrounding soft tissues. Why does my hip pop? Wrist drop Boutonniere deformity Swan neck deformity Mallet finger.

Developmental Coxa Vara

A review on the development of coxa vara vala Currarino et al showed an association with spondylometaphyseal dysplasia, demonstrating that stimulated corner fractures were present in most instances. Furthermore, the location of the greater trochanter on an anteverted femur promotes hip dysplasia. These must be addressed during surgery with soft tissue releases.

Femoral deformity and acetabular dysplasia are often associated with each other. Skull and face Craniosynostosis: