The Bush- Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS) is a standardised, quantifiable examination of catatonia designed to screen and diagnose. Tab. 1: According to the item Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS), here partially modified and partially reported, the severity of catatonia is. PDF | Objective: This article aims to describe the adaptation and translation process of the Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS) and.

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The total patient sample was divided in four groups: Consequently, patients who present with catatonia to a clinic or hospital will be catatonua as if they have a behavioral problem that is more important than the motor syndrome.

It is important to remember that clinicians’ goal is not the quest of knowledge itself but the ability to use their available knowledge and feancis to prevent and diminish the suffering and disability of their patients.

Ann Clin Psychiatry Zeitschrift fur die gesamte Neurol und Psychiatr The recognition of catatonic features by criteria used to define catatonia has been found to be inadequate. While there are several catatonia rating scales, these scales are not routinely taught or included in educational programs as valuable diagnostic instruments. Another important finding is the fact that the franci presentation may vary depending on the underlying pathology, although an unambiguous delineation between these catatonic presentations cannot be made.


Review of three criteria-based definitions 1115 Validity of the scale was also examined by comparison with the sources from which it was derived. Composite scores based on this principal component analysis were calculated.

Consequently, our results seem to point out that catatonic features, and more broadly psychomotor symptoms, may deserve a dimensional approach, much like cognitive symptoms associated with these catatoonia illnesses A factor analysis was conducted in order to generate six catatonic symptom clusters.

Other studies also show that the syndrome is highly prevalent in both psychotic and mood disorders J Clin Psychiatry Kontaxakis and colleagues found this subscale to intercorrelate with the Hamilton Depression subscale Comparison of four scales cattaonia depression in schizophrenic inpatients.

Adverse outcome with delay in identification of catatonia in elderly patients. Eur Psychiatry Journal of Affective Bysh, Major depressive disorder was the main diagnosis in six patients 4. Schizophrenia Research, When we used the latest DSM-criteria, only Prevalence and clinical significance of catatonic symptoms in mania.

Kraepelin already suggested that catatonia had a different symptomatology depending on the underlying pathology.

The Detection and Measurement of Catatonia

In most clinical settings, systematic screening for depression, anxiety, suicidal risk, and substance abuse are commonly performed. This is mainly due to the fact that now three instead of two items have to be present. In our study, no significant differences in overall prevalence of catatonia between the psychosis group and the combined mood disorder group could be seen.


Third, while the BFCRS can be used to measure treatment response we have found that items 17 through 23 may still be present even after patients have improved clinically. I want to stick a pin in it. The authors thank the study participants, without whom the study would never have been accomplished. Many clinicians believe that catatonia is not seen anymore.

Participants A total group of patients female: The catatonia rating scale must detect fdancis who may exhibit catatonia and identify catatonic signs reliably.

Furthermore, different symptom profiles were found, depending on the underlying psychopathology.

The Detection and Measurement of Catatonia

francos Catatonia in psychiatric classification: The patients admitted to this department were experiencing the most acute phase of a mental illness. Larger scale trials are needed to replicate our findings.

First, it lacks uniformity in its reference definitions as noted in Table 1. Schizophr Res There are many barriers to the diagnosis of catatonia that may explain the low rates of diagnosis in modern psychiatry.

We will be provided with an authorization token please note: Different catatonia symptom profiles were found, depending on the underlying psychopathology.

Arch Gen Psychiatry