Brachiaria purpurascens (Raddi) Henrard. Panicum muticum Forssk. Panicum numidianum Lam. Panicum purpuracens Raddi. Urochloa mutica (Forssk.) T.Q. Systematics & Taxonomy. Urochloa mutica (Forssk.) is a synonym of Brachiaria mutica (Forssk.) Stapf. Localities. Lorong Halus. Locality Map. Species identity: Urochloa mutica (Forsk.) T.Q. Nguyen. Synonyms: Brachiaria mutica (Forsk.) Stapf, B. purpurascens (Raddi) Henr., Panicum muticum Forsk., P.

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The digestibility by ruminants of para grass Panicum purpuracena Raddiculape Paspalum conjugatum Berg.

Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants

Stapf is a semi-aquatic, palatable and good quality forage grass particularly suited to poorly drained, swampy and flooded tropical and subtropical areas. Sedimented conditions were also reported to smother benthic species and thus reduce the biodiversity of wetlands Hannan-Jones et al. Soil salinity and exchangeable cations in a wastewater irrigated area, India. Invasive species risk assessment: Well adapted to a wide range of soil types from sandy to clay soils of moderate to good fertility.

If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating. Plant species affect colonization patterns and metabolic activity of associated endophytes during phytoremediation of crude oil-contaminated soil. It was also introduced into the humid, tropical parts of Australia around and has become widely naturalised in Queensland. Nutritional quality and animal production of Brachiaria pastures.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

It may also have allelopathic effects mutixa other plants, preventing their growth. Para grass can grow in moist soils of humid and sub-humid areas with annual rainfall of mm, or in swampy areas of drier environments down to mm rainfall Cook et al. Although many flower-heads grow, only a few viable seeds are produced, and propagation is usually by vegetative means.


Pastures can suffer severe attacks from the striped grass worm Mocis latipes. Though para grass prefers alluvial and hydromorphic soils, it does well on a wide range of soils: Effect of murica and of forage maturity on quality of two sub-tropical forage grasses.

Archived March 31,at the Wayback Machine. Plant sets should be 25—30 cm long with 3—4 nodes, and at least 2 nodes should be buried into moist soil. A similar system uses shallow water ponding on the edges of which para grass continues to grow as the water recedes. Florida Noxious Weed List.

East-West Center by the Univ. They grachiaria from the basal nodes and may reach a height of 0. References Aumont et al. Suited to poorly drained swampy or seasonally waterlogged land in the tropics and warmer subtropics, but will also grow productively on free-draining soils in high rainfall environments.

Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences71— As a long-lived, vegetatively propagating pioneering species of disturbed areas, para grass has potential for invasiveness. Effect of protein supplements and roughage source on growing rabbits.

Grown under extensive areas of mature coconuts in the Philippines but prone to weed invasion. Water flow and erosion control Para grass is particularly adapted for the control of water flow and erosion of river banks Schultze-Kraft et al. Nutrition Laboratory, Chiung Mai. A fast growing grass, it can be grazed or used in cut-and-carry systems, either muyica be directly fed or to make hay or silage.

Brachiaria mutica – Useful Tropical Plants

Very poorly represented in the major tropical forage germplasm banks and no breeding programs have been undertaken. Spreads rapidly up to 5 m in a year into suitably moist soils through its long stolons and possibly through water-borne seed.

It is damaged by frost but not killed. Phytoremediation potential of paragrass – An in situ approach for Chromium contaminated soil. Para grass is in the family Poaceae, along with other familiar grasses such as St. Flooding has no impact on growth, even during long periods Haddade et al.


Softly hairy stems and leaves. Ruminant Nutrition, recommended bracyiaria and feed tables. Nguyen; Urochloa mutica Forssk. In Brazil, para grass naturally hybridized with Brachiaria arrecta resulting in the hybrid “Tangola”, barchiaria valuable grazing forage for milk production Queiroz et al.

Leaf is highly palatable and selectively grazed.

A sap-sucking leafhopper can attack para grass in Fiji. University of Brachairia, Gainesville. In soils with high salinity levels, such as those of rice irrigated with wasterwater in periurban areas, para grass could help recovering good conditions for rice cultivation while responding to the increasing demand in fodder Biggs et al.

Brachiaria mutica

In Hawaii this grass is widespread, especially in freshwater wetlands and in red mangrove Rhizophora mangle stands. Mtuica constant heavy defoliation the sward of the palatable para may become very open and subject to invading species. Para grass will stand long-term flooding. The semi-aquatic habit of para grass is not suitable for mechanical harvesting. Promising accessions Country Details None reported.

For vegetative propagation, plant cuttings of a length of cm with nodes should be hand-planted or disc-harrowed to a depth of cm with at least 2 nodes buried. In spite of its high number of flower heads, para grass is a poor seed producer and its seeds are not brahciaria viable Lansdown et al.