The result―the newest species of mammal known to science, the olinguito ( Bassaricyon neblina) (Photo by Mark Gurney). The olinguito. Genus: Bassaricyon Species: Bassaricyon neblina Taxonomic revision of the olingos (Bassaricyon), with description of a new species, the. Genus, Bassaricyon. Species, Bassaricyon neblina. Taxon author, Kristofer M. Helgen, Roland Kays, Lauren Helgen, Mirian T. N. Tsuchiya.

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New Zealand sea lion P. Conepatus Hog-nosed skunks Molina’s hog-nosed skunk C. Saharan striped polecat I. Males and females are similar in size. Discovering a new species of carnivore, however, does not happen overnight.

Extant species of family Procyonidae. The team had a lucky break that started with a camcorder video. Small family listed below. African palm civet N. Small-toothed palm civet A. Giving the olinguito its scientific name is just the beginning. It is the first carnivore species discovered in the Western Hemisphere in more than three decades.

Bassaricyon neblina – # | American Society of Mammalogists

Masked palm civet P. What is Con Safos? Ina zoologist in New York thought an olinguito museum specimen was so unusual that it might be a new species, but he never followed through in publishing the discovery.

The olinguito is so far known only from cloud forest habitats in Colombia and Ecuador, but future investigations might show that it occurs in similar habitats vassaricyon other South American countries.

Comparison of DNA from two olinguito subspecies to other olingo and related species was carried out on the basis of genetic dissimilarity derived from Kimura modeling of differences in base-pair composition of mitochondrial cytochrome b. This is a beautiful animal, but we know so little about it. Colombiaconservation biologyEcuadorendangered speciesmammalsNational Museum of Natural Historynew speciesSouth America.

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A team, led by Smithsonian scientist Kristofer Bassadicyon, spent 10 years examining hundreds of museum specimens and tracking animals in the wild in the cloud forests of Ecuador. Retrieved 22 January They learned that the Olinguito is mostly active at night, is mainly a neblinaa eater, rarely comes out of the trees and has one baby at a time.

The question Helgen and his team wanted to answer next was: For example, this female olinguito lived in various zoos in the U. Arctonyx Hog badger A.

Category:Bassaricyon neblina – Wikimedia Commons

Helgen KM et al. Civettictis African civet C. Since the natural habitat of the olinguito is at higher elevations, this means that its ” cloud forest habitat baxsaricyon definitely needs to be protected in order to optimize this species’ probability of survival.

African wild dog L. Procyon Cozumel raccoon P. It has large eyes and thick, woolly orange-brown fur.

Bassaricyon neblina – #2071

Molina’s hog-nosed skunk C. Because the Olinguito was new to science, it was imperative for the scientists to record every aspect of the animal. Broad-striped Malagasy mongoose G. While the olinguito is new to science, it is not a stranger to people.

Bassaricyon neblina

Cystophora Hooded seal C. The olinguito mainly eats fruit, but may also eat some insects and nectar. These solitary animals live in trees and are mostly nocturnal. Central African oyan P. Family Canidae includes dogs. While the Olinguito is new to science, it is not a stranger to people. And while misidentified, specimens have been in museums for more than years, and at least one olinguito from Colombia was exhibited in several zoos in the United States during the s and s.


Based on morphological distinctions, four olinguito subspecies have been described: The Olinguito, the smallest member of the raccoon family, looks like a cross between a house cat and a teddy bear.

African clawless otter A. What else can we learn about its behavior?

Examining museum skins revealed that this new species was also smaller overall with a longer and denser coat; field records showed that it occurred in a unique area of the northern Andes Mountains at 5, to 9, feet above sea level — elevations much higher than the known species of olingo.

Neeblina is the first new carnivoran mammal described in the Western Hemisphere in 35 years. The biologists found Olinguito in a neblia on the western slopes of the Andes, and spent their days documenting what they could about the animal — its characteristics and its forest home.

Its head and body length is 14 inches long mmplus a tail inches in length mm nebpina, and it weighs 2 pounds grams.