Genus Baphia refers to using the heartwood of the plant to extract a red dye. Species nitida refers to the wood having a polished surface. Ethnobotanical Uses . Widespread in west Africa, there are no major threats to this species at present. However, it is largely utilized locally throughout its range as a source of building. Kingdom: Plantae. Phylum/Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Eudicots. Order: Fabales. Family: Fabaceae. Genus: Baphia. Species: B. nitida. Common Names .
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Baphia nitida Lodd.
Formerly ox-stomachs used as aprons by women were dyed in the same way, then tanned and stretched out to dry. It grows up to 10 m tall and 45cm across and usually planted as an ornamental shade tree or hedge. Distribution Native to tropical Africa, it is grown in many tropical countries. The powdered leaves are taken with palm wine or food to cure venereal diseases[ ]. It prefers moist soil. Description This is a fast-growing smallish tree that can be as tall as 5 m.
Baphia comprises about 45 species and is largely confined to tropical Africa with most species present in Nigeria and Cameroon. Extracts of fresh leaves inhibited digestion, showed antidiarrhoeal effects and also demonstrated analgesic activity[ ].
The heartwood is pale brown when fresh, turning rapidly to dark red or orange upon exposure. Both leaves and bark are considered haemostatic and anti-inflammatory, and are used for healing sores and wounds[ ]. Baphia nitida occurs wild from Senegal to Gabon.
This is a QR code short for Quick Response which gives fast-track access to our website pages. It was used for dark grey and black colours in the wool-cloth industry until the beginning of the 20th century. In Nigeria the nutrient content of leaves per g dry matter was approximately: The export was mainly in the shape of logs cut into short lengths rather than in the form of powder or extract, allegedly to facilitate quality control.
Views Read Edit View history. Extracts of fresh leaves inhibited digestion in mice and rats, and showed antidiarrhoeal effects. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.
This is a fast-growing smallish tree that can be as tall as 5 m. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
It reaches about 9 m 30 ft and produces small, fragrant pea flowers, white with yellow centres, from February to May. Leguminosae on mice and rats.
Don Bapyia pyrifolia Desv. Intida wood is extremely hard, heavy and durable, close-grained and of fine texture. The Digital Nature Archive of Singapore is built up by the help of various people: It was considered by European and American dyers to have a colouring power 3 – 4 times stronger than the other ‘insoluble’ redwoods they were using[ ].
Baphia nitida – Lodd. In Nigeria and Ghana the pounded dried root, mixed with water and oil, is applied to a ringworm-like fungus attacking the feet. It is an extremely variable species.
This page was last edited on 17 Julyat An excellent hedge plant used in screening off areas, the height can vary depending on pruning to keep the hedge in shape. Baphia nitida is an evergreen Tree growing to 10 m 32ft by 10 m nitifa. It was a major source of bright to dark red colours in the big European cotton-printing industries, e.
There are citation in web searches related to Baphia nitida Lodd. Baphia nitida Baphia nitida For a list of references used on this page please go here A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page. In Benin a decoction of the leaves is taken against jaundice and diabetes; in combination with leaves of Morinda lucida Benth.
Flowers in axillary fascicles, 1—5-flowered, bisexual, papilionaceous; pedicel slender, 3—17 mm long; calyx spathaceous, 8—10 mm long, glabrous but with a tuft of brown hairs at apex; corolla with standard suborbicular, 1—2 cm in diameter, white with a yellow centre, wings and keel white with a pocket near the base; stamens 10, filaments unequal, free, up to 7 mm long; ovary superior, sessile, glabrous, sometimes with a row of silvery hairs along the dorsal margin, 1-celled, style curved, filiform, stigma small.
If you wish to contribute any images, documents, videos or other forms of media, or if you have any queries…. Many-stemmed erect shrub or small tree up to 9 m tall with glabrous to densely pubescent branchlets. The seeds are edible[ ]. Baphia nitida Baphia nitida. Benin camwood Baphia pubescens Hook. Baphia nitida x – 31k – jpg tropicalplant.
An extract of young leaves with some salt and red pepper is used as nose drops against headache. Baphia pubescens differs from Baphia nitida in its leaves, which are hairy below, and in its hairy ovary.
In Yorubaland this ointment is also used by hunters setting off to collect honey from the forest as a protection against bee stings. A decoction of the leaves is taken against jaundice and diabetes[ ]. The dye is found in the heartwood, which often is of small size. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. In the Colour Index the number of the dye is and it is classified as Natural Red 22, together with other redwoods.
Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally. It is hardy to zone UK These are followed by pointed pods, 7cm 3 ins long, which ripen in October and split open to release one or two dark brown, shiny seeds.
The seeds are edible. In Nigeria the seeds are eaten by Igbo people and the twigs are used as chewing bitida.