Sasanian Persia, which succeeded the Parthians, was one of the great powers of late antiquity and the most significant power in the Near East, together with the. – Arsacids and Sasanians: Political Ideology in Post- Hellenistic and Late Antique Persia. M. Rahim Shayegan. Frontmatter. More information. The Parthian Empire also known as the Arsacid Empire was a major Iranian political and [it] may be regarded as a typical reflection of the mixed religious doctrines of the late Arsacid period, which the Zoroastrian orthodoxy of the Sasanians.

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Parthian Empire – Wikipedia

Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press – Arsacids and Sasanians: The possession of the past xii Acknowledgments xviii Arsacics of Abbreviations xx Maps xxiii Introduction: Achaemenids and Sasanians 1 1 Sasanian epigraphy 5 2 Classical sources: Mithridates VI Eupator of Pontos iv.

Arsacid and Roman relations in the first half of the first century bce v. The representation of the Parthians in the Augustan Age ii.

Pictures by the author. Picture by the author. Iranian Archaeological Museum, Tehran. Roman reception of, — Arsacid generalissimo in Babyloniaroyal titulatures of, 41—49, —, — 67—68, 78—79, 82, —, —, Sasanian reception of, 5—29Achaios, n.

Justin, 73, 74—75, 81—82, 92, —, n, n. Lysias Seleucid magnate, n.

Parthian Empire

Arsacid generalissimo in BabyloniaMenophilos Arsacid official76 n. Arsacid Babylonia,n.

Philippos Seleucid magnate, n. Sulla Roman general, —, n. Schoene] Eusebius, Chronica I — Rahim Shayegan Excerpt More information Introduction Achaemenids and Sasanians Until recent times, modern scholarship had been firmly divided into two distinct camps over the issue of historical continuity between the Achaemenids and the Sasanians, with one camp regarding the Achaemenid reception as instrumental in the formation of the political ideology of the early Sasanians, and the very stimulus of their incursions into Roman territory, and the other dismissing Achaemenid echoes as an interpretatio romana.


The main tenets of the fraction of scholarship, which supports the idea of a conscious continuity of Achaemenid traditions into Sasanian times, may aasanians summed up as follows2: In contrast the fraction of scholarship that rejects Achaemenid reminis- cences as xnd source of early Sasanian expansionism presents the following arguments6: Rahim Shayegan Excerpt More information Achaemenids and Sasanians 3 3 the presence of Persian kings in the Sasqnians is not a reliable measure for gauging the familiarity of Sasanian Jewry with their Achaemenid predecessors; far more revealing in this respect is the later Snd exegetical tradition, such as the Babylonian Talmud, which, interest- ingly, seems to indicate that knowledge of the Achaemenid past had frittered away amidst the sages of Babylon, in this, following the adsacids Sasanian trend;7 4 consequently, one may conclude that Roman sources, such as Cassius Dio, Herodian, and Ammianus Marcellinus, which sasanianz an Achaemenid revival to the early Sasanians, represented in reality either the Roman interpretation of Sasanian political activities, or the Roman amplification of some vague memories of the Sasanians from their past.

Moreover, the mere fact that Romans did have knowledge of the Iranian past and used it to label the expansionism of the new Persian power, is not a sufficient gauge for assuming that the Persians possessed the same knowledge of the past, or were inspired by it. Indeed, the opposition between radically different positions has become in time less marked, arascids if opposition there still is, it relates to the path of demonstration, rather than the conclusions, which are remarkably close.


In the following, we shall discuss some of the problems associated with the notion of historical continuity between the Achaemenids and the Sasanians. Rahim Shayegan Excerpt More information 4 Introduction In the second chapter, we shall sasanixns into the sasahians tenets of our classical sources—Cassius Dio, Herodian, and Ammianus Marcellinus—reporting on early Sasanian claims to Achaemenid territories, and explore whether they may contain any historical veracity.

Rahim Shayegan Excerpt More information cha pter 1 Sasanian Epigraphy The early Sasanian political ideology and agenda are known from various contemporary sources: In the present chapter, I shall first investigate the ideological rationale behind Sasanian territorial claims, subsequently, I will seek to determine the extent of those revendications by comparing our sources.

In the following, I will exclusively cite the Parthian Pth. Remember me on this computer.

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