Ante Ciliga – pronounced “Tsiliga” – became famous to the point of becoming the emblem of the opposition to Stalinism and to “the Bolshevik system” of state. ANTE CILIGA. It is with an extreme discretion that the French press (Le Monde, October 28, ), announced, in some poor lines, the death of Ante Ciliga. The file was just too big and I can’t seem to compress it without losing quality, so I posted it on : The Russian Enigma – Ante Ciliga.
|Published (Last):||17 December 2017|
|PDF File Size:||16.89 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||2.59 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
He defended this project against the communist chief Sima Markovic, “who seemed to defend Great-Serbian options, while being based on the positions of the Austro-Marxism and of Stalin in ” To point out this historical context should not however exempt to give a true biography of Ciliga.
With the listening of all the debates of the Russian party and especially of the reflections of the Russian workers, noting the repression of the anarcho-syndicalist workers, suspected of publishing an illegal paper which required only the improvement of the working conditions in ciiga factory, Ciliga became very pessimistic on the future of the “socialist fatherland”.
Those were presented by Trotsky as “completely demoralised elements, men who carried elegant baggy breeches and were capped the made-to-order of upholders “.
The Fascist police – in its report of February 19, on Ciliga – defines the Spremnost review as an ” official organ of the Ustasha movement”. The Trotskyists called for a change in line by the ruling party, to better support the world revolution, while the Decemists called for a radical alteration in state economic policy, to bring the workers to the fore of society. For the Trotskyists and Decemiststhe freedom of the workers to choose between parties was an unacceptable concept.
Gramsci, member of the Office of Cilig, noted in that Radic was a crafty, skilful politician, and expert in the compromises, but unable to be a strategist p.
On top, as on certain articles of SpremnostCiliga kept a total silence in his memories and interviews. A majority of them was Croatian.
These were not the positions on the State capitalism which made of Ciliga ” a Cilig – as it is affirmed by certain Trotskyist which assimilates Communist Left to Menshevism 64 – but its spirit impresses democratic idealism. There were 3 or 4 Decist fractions. Both of the latter countries were under the powerful influence of Communist parties, and this worried him cliiga to keep him in transit back and forth, between Paris and Rome.
As of this time, Ciliga – but is it the effect of stand back, more than 60 years afterwards? Paradoxically, according to Ciliga, because he was believed a pro-Allied agent, he could obtain a visa for Vienna.
That resulted – in addition to the reinforcement of the anti-Serb nationalist feelings – in duels with the revolver between Communists and police officers. These comments signal that Trotsky had ceased to view Ciliga as a political ally, and now saw him as an opponent, if not an outright enemy.
Who is he in contact with here? The file was just too big and I can’t seem to compress it without losing quality, so I posted it on mega. The left-wing fraction had formerly recommended exploiting the problem of nationalities in the interests of the revolution. In Proleterorgan of the central committee of the Yugoslav Communist Party, Ciliga is many times denounced as “Trotskyist and Fascist spy”. Ciliga was the instigator of this policy, as a secretary of the party for Croatia and director of Borba.
As the policy of the Comintern was at that time hostile to the Great-Serbian tendencies – for, undoubtedly, better sticking to the policy antd the Bulgarian CP – Ciliga during the winter became also member of the Yugoslav Politburo. However, it should also be noted that in Sam Kroz Evropu ….
He was imprisoned, in total, a year, being released from Jasenovac on January 1, The Revolution of Everyday Trotsky discussed Ciliga again, soon afterward, in a series of letters to the Russo-Belgian novelist, memoirist, and long-time anti-Stalinist, Viktor Lvovich Kibalchich, known as Victor Serge.
The end of the war found it in Switzerland, after a stay in Bavaria, where he met the American troops. It is true that, for once, Ciliga did not annex any more as in its bulletin of the Sixties Bosnia-Herzegovina to Croatia But in this Austrian Manchester, where arose with acuity the working class question, he came from there “to regard as logic and probable the end of capitalism and the advent of socialism “. Influenced, according to its statements, by Keynes and Spengler, he estimated that the revolution belonged to a completed past, that declining Europe would leave clear room “to the ambition of the Kremlin to colonise Europe “.
The Ustashe of found successors on their level in the Stalinist or former Stalinist parties, reconverted into “the capitalism “, which they are of Serbia, Bosnia and Croatia.
This Russian national “phenomenon “, also appeared according to Ciliga – among Amte. His articles related to his experiment in Russia This position of calling to the “united front” showed, on the contrary, an increasingly clear distance of the positions of the Communist Left, of which one of the characteristics was the rejection of any “united front”.
It was in the aftermath of this encounter that Au Pays … was written, with its revealing ninth chapter, Lenin, Also …in which Ciliga offered a historical summary of proletarian opposition to the Bolshevik regime. Among the prisoners arriving in the insulator, one of them assure him the massive massacre of Ukrainian peasants 3 million of victimsthe deportation from 5 to 10 million Muzhiks, the slow anguish of exiled of Siberia from which the lifespan did not exceed two years.
This one – of course – must be corrected according to the ciligaa and archives we have. The bases of this argument had been anticipated by a number of 19th century writers, before the emergence of Bolshevism as a movement. It was born a conspiracy of the Ministers for the interior and defence to make pass the Croatian State in the Allied camp, exactly as for Fascist Italy in His release was due, he believed, to the publication of The Russian Enigma in Britain late in the s.
Hrvatski Narod was a general public daily newspaper appearing twice per day.
Anton Ciliga (Obituary)
Nova Evropa was a Croatian newspaper appearing since the beginning of the Twenties, where intellectuals in favour of the Yugoslav national unity expressed themselves. Without recognising it in his memories and interviews, while passing by Czechoslovakia, Ciliga contacted two Trotskyist militants: It is very characteristic that Ciliga was always opposed antte this extradition, taking care well not to publicly criticise Ustashe before the middle of the Fifties.
His reasoning is approximately as follows: General history of socialismT. The majority was exerted to write articles for hand-written newspapers, which circulated by “the interior post office” by de means of baskets between the cells. Tudjman made thereafter on February 10, public excuses at the international Jewish Community, in front of the international reactions, and engaged to withdraw the litigious passages of the English edition of his book.