ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI. ( A.D.). Abu Raihan Mohammad Ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was one of the well-known figures associated with the court of King. celebrating the anniversary of Abu Raihan Al-Biruni, a Muslim scholar often regarded as one of the greatest scientists of the medieval Islamic. Abu Raihan al-Biruni () was an Iranian scholar and polymath from Khwarezm — a region which encompasses modern-day western.

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Abu Arrayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Biruni

Mathematics in the 10th century Uzbek culture In Uzbekistan: In Meri, Josef W. Biruni documented everything about India just as it happened. He also raised these questions in his book on India.

Al-biruno, the original Iranian language of Chorasmia, is attested at two stages of its development. The work includes research on a vast array of topics of Indian culture, including descriptions of their traditions and customs. Page 1 of 2.


He observed that flowers have 3,4,5,6, or al-biruno petals, but never 7 or 9. In discussing speculation by other Muslim writers on the possible motion of the Earth, Biruni acknowledged that he could neither prove nor disprove it, but commented favourably on the idea that the Earth rotates. In our Time — Al-Biruni”.

Biruni also came up with different hypotheses about heat and light. Most of the works of Al-Biruni are in Arabic although he wrote one of his masterpieces, the Kitab al-Tafhim apparently in both Persian and Arabic, showing his mastery over both languages. Retrieved 10 November Along with those methods, Biruni went so far as to describe instruments that go along with each of those areas as well. In Ray, Himanshu Prabha. Retrieved August 20, However, Many have used Al-Biruni’s work to check facts of history in other works that may have been ambiguous or had their validity questioned.


Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of Many consider Al-Biruni one of the greatest scientists in history, and especially of Islam because of his discoveries and methodology. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Instead, he decided to document the more civilian and scholarly areas of Hindu life such as culture, science, and religion. He has also made considerable contribution to several aspects of physical and economic geography in this book.

He was also an astrologer and is alb-iruni to have astonished people by the accuracy of his predictions. He deduced its existence on the basis of his accurate estimations of the Earth’s circumference and Afro-Eurasia ‘s size, which he found spanned only two-fifths of the Earth’s circumference, and his discovery of the al-biurni of specific gravityfrom which he deduced that the geological processes that gave rise to Eurasia must’ve also given rise to lands in the vast ocean between Asia and Europe.

He was also an avid scholar of religions and studied several different ones objectively. Reading in Indian history. His underlying concept was that all cultures are at least distant relatives of all other cultures because they are all human constructs.

Different forts and landmarks were able to be located, legitimizing Al-Biruni’s contributions with their usefulness to even modern history and archeology. This section’s use of external links may not follow Wikipedia’s policies or guidelines. The Cambridge History of Iran: The book was not just a collection, however, with accurate input from Al-Biruni where he developed many new mathematical techniques to improve on rsihan measurements from the previous astronomers.

He drew many different depictions of various instruments that are considered to be the precursors of more modern objects such as clocks and the astrolabe, in which al-biruji scientists were able to use to complete these inventions in the coming years. Additionally, he chronicled stories of Indian rulers and told of how they ruled over their people with their beneficial actions and acted in the interests of the nation. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources.


Science in the Middle Ages.

Al-Biruni – Wikiquote

He also wrote the Kitab-al-Saidanawhich is an extensive materia medica that combines the then existing Arabic knowledge on the subject with the Indian medicine. International Journal of Sciences.

In the introduction to his book on pharmacology, he wrote about the importance of language in identifying drugs and in that context took an excursion into the relative worth of languages.

If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. Accepting the definite demise of the Afrighids at the hands of the Ma’munids, he made peace with the latter who then ruled Khwarezm.

Biruni also employed astronomy in the determination of his theories, which were complex mathematical equations and scientific calculation that allows one to convert dates and years between the different calendars. Biruni is regarded as one of the greatest scholars of the medieval Islamic era and was well versed in physicsmathematicsastronomyand natural sciencesand also distinguished himself as a historianchronologist and linguist.

SachauAlberuni’s India: He was born in the outer district of Kaththe capital of the Afrighid dynasty of Khwarezm now a part of Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan [14] [10] or Chorasmia. After Al-Biruni’s death, in the Ghaznavid dynasty and following centuries his work was not built on, nor referenced. Their court at Gorganj also in Khwarezm was gaining fame for its gathering of brilliant scientists.