The ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response ( AADMER) is a manifestation of ASEAN’s strong commitment to reduce disaster. The ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response ( AADMER) is a regional framework for cooperation, coordination, technical. The ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency or AADMER has been effectively facilitating regional cooperation between.
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Reaffirming their commitment to the aims and purposes of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations ASEAN as set forth in the Bangkok Declaration of 8 Augustin particular, to promote regional co-operation in Southeast Asia in the spirit of equality and partnership and thereby contribute towards peace, progress and prosperity in the region. Recalling also the ASEAN Declaration on Mutual Assistance on Natural Disasters of 26 Junewhich calls on Member Countries to, inter alia, co-operate in the improvement of disaster management capacities, and in case of calamities, to extend assistance as may be needed upon the request from an affected Member Country.
Recalling also the ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution of 10 Junewhich provides the co-operative framework to prevent, monitor, mitigate and respond to trans-boundary haze pollution in the overall context of sustainable development. Recalling also the Hyogo Declaration and the Hyogo Framework for Action set out by the World Conference on Disaster Reduction in Januarywhich, among others, stress the need to strengthen and when necessary develop co-ordinated regional approaches, and create or upgrade regional policies, operational mechanisms, plans and communication systems to prepare for and ensure rapid and effective disaster response in situations that exceed national coping capacities.
Concerned by the increasing frequency and scale of disasters in the ASEAN region and their damaging impacts both short-term and long-term. Convinced that an essential means to achieve such collective action is the conclusion and effective implementation of this Agreement.
The objective of this Agreement is to provide effective mechanisms to achieve substantial reduction of disaster losses in lives and in the social, economic and environmental assets of the Parties, and to jointly respond to disaster emergencies through concerted national efforts and intensified regional and international co-operation.
This should be pursued in the overall context of sustainable development and in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement. The Parties shall be guided by the following principles in the implementation of this Agreement:. The sovereignty, territorial integrity and national unity of the Parties shall be respected, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia, in the implementation of this Agreement.
In this context, each affected Party shall have the primary responsibility to respond to disasters occurring within its territory and external assistance or offers of assistance shall only be provided upon the request or with the consent of the affected Party. The Requesting or Receiving Party shall exercise the overall direction, control, coordination and supervision of the assistance within its territory.
The Parties shall, in the spirit of solidarity and partnership and in accordance with their respective needs, capabilities and situations, strengthen co-operation and co-ordination to achieve the objectives of this Agreement. The Parties shall give priority to prevention and mitigation, and thus shall take precautionary measures to prevent, monitor and mitigate disasters.
The Parties shall, to the extent possible, mainstream disaster risk reduction efforts into sustainable development policies, planning and programming at all levels. The Parties, in addressing disaster risks, shall involve, as appropriate, all stakeholders including local communities, non-governmental organisations and private enterprises, utilising, among others, community-based disaster preparedness and early response approaches. When the said disaster is likely to cause possible impacts on other Member States, respond promptly to a request for relevant information sought by a Member State or States that are or may be affected by such disasters, with a view to minimising the consequences.
Each Party shall take appropriate measures to identify disaster risks in its respective territories covering, among others, the following aspects:.
ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER) | Resilience Library
The Parties shall assign risk levels to each identified hazard according to agreed criteria. On the basis of such information, the AHA Centre shall disseminate to each Party, through its National Focal Point, the analysed data and risk level arising from the identified hazards. The AHA Centre may also, where appropriate, conduct analysis on possible regional-level implications.
The Parties shall, jointly or individually, develop strategies to identify, prevent and reduce risks arising from hazards. Each Party shall undertake measures to reduce losses from disasters which include:.
The Parties shall co-operate in developing and implementing regional disaster prevention and mitigation programmes to agresment national-level efforts. Sadmer Parties shall, as appropriate, establish, maintain and periodically review national disaster early warning arrangements including:. The Parties shall co-operate, as appropriate, to monitor hazards which have transboundary effects, to exchange information and to provide early warning information through appropriate arrangements. The Parties shall, as appropriate, prepare Standard Operating Procedures for regional cooperation and national action required under this Agreement including the following:.
The Parties shall, jointly or individually enhance their national capacities, as appropriate, inter alia, to:. Each Party shall regularly inform the AHA Centre of its available resources for the regional standby agreemrnt for disaster relief and emergency response. The AHA Centre shall facilitate the establishment, maintenance and periodical review of regional standby arrangements for disaster relief and emergency response. The AHA Centre shall facilitate periodic review of regional standard operating procedures.
On a voluntary basis, each Party shall earmark assets and capacities, which may be available for the regional standby arrangements for disaster relief and emergency response, such as:. Such earmarked assets and capacities shall be communicated to each Party as well as the AHA Centre and updated as necessary by the Party concerned. The AHA Centre shall consolidate, update and disseminate the data on such earmarked assets and capacities, and communicate with the Parties for their utilisation.
To facilitate the utilisation of assets provided for in paragraph 1, each Party shall designate a network of pre-designated areas as entry points for supplies and expertise from Assisting Entities.
AADMER Work Programme 2016-2020
Each Party shall ensure according to their national legislation that the necessary measures are taken to mobilise equipment, facilities, materials, human and financial resources required to respond to disasters. If a Party needs assistance in the event of a disaster emergency within its territory, it may request such assistance from any other Party, directly or through the AHA Centre, or, where appropriate, from other entities.
Assistance can only be deployed at the request, and with the consent, of the Requesting Party, or, when offered by another Party or Parties, with the consent of the Receiving Party.
The Requesting Party shall specify the scope and type of assistance required and, where practicable, provide the Assisting Entity with such information as may be necessary for that Party to determine the extent to which it is able to meet the request.
In the event that it is not practicable for the Requesting Party to specify the scope and type of assistance required, the Requesting Party and Assisting Entity shall, in consultation, jointly assess and decide upon the scope and type of assistance required. Each Party to which a request for assistance is directed shall promptly decide and notify the Requesting Party, directly or through the AHA Centre, whether it is in a position to render the assistance requested, and of the scope and terms of such assistance.
Each Party to which an offer of assistance is directed shall promptly decide and notify the Assisting Entity, directly or through the AHA Centre, whether it is in a position to accept the assistance offered, and of the scope and terms of such assistance. The Parties shall, within the limits of their capabilities, identify and notify the AHA Centre of military and civilian personnel, experts, equipment, facilities and materials which could be made available for the provision of assistance to other Parties in the event of a disaster emergency as well as the terms, especially financial, under which such assistance could be provided.
The Assisting Entity shall, where the assistance involves military personnel and related civilian officials, designate in consultation with the Requesting or Receiving Party, a person who shall be in charge of and retain immediate operational supervision over the personnel and the equipment provided by it.
The designated person, referred to as the Head of the assistance operation, shall exercise such supervision in co-operation with the appropriate authorities of the Requesting or Receiving Party.
The Requesting or Receiving Party shall provide, to the extent possible, local facilities and services for the proper and effective administration of the assistance. It shall also ensure the protection of personnel, equipment and materials brought into its territory by or on behalf of the Assisting Entity for such purposes. Such military personnel and related civilian officials are not to carry arms.
The relief goods and materials provided by the Assisting Entity should meet the quality and validity requirements of the Parties concerned for consumption and utilisation. Members of the assistance operation shall refrain from any action or activity incompatible with the nature and purpose of this Agreement.
Members of the assistance operation shall respect and abide by all national laws and regulations. The Head of the assistance operation shall take all appropriate measures to ensure observance of national laws and regulations. Receiving Party shall co-operate to ensure that members of the assistance operation observe national laws and regulations.
Military personnel and related civilian officials involved in the assistance operation shall be permitted to wear uniforms with distinctive identification while performing official duties. For the purpose of entry into and departure from the territory of the Receiving Party, members of the assistance operation shall be required to have:. All authorised foreign military aircrafts will be treated as friendly aircrafts and will receive open radio frequencies and Identification Friend or Foe IFF by the Receiving Party authorities.
Each Party shall, at the request of the Party concerned, seek to facilitate the transit through its territory of duly notified personnel, equipment, facilities and materials involved or used in the assistance to the Requesting or Receiving Party. The Party concerned shall exempt from taxation, duties and other charges of a similar nature for such equipment, facilities and materials. AHA Centre, where possible and appropriate, shall facilitate the processing of transit of personnel, equipment, facilities and materials in respect of the provisions of assistance.
Rehabilitation For the purpose of the implementation of this Agreement, the Parties shall, jointly or individually, develop strategies and implement programmes for rehabilitation as a result of a disaster. The Parties shall promote, as appropriate, bilateral, regional and international cooperation for rehabilitation as a result of a disaster. In order to increase preparedness and to mitigate disasters, the Parties shall undertake technical co-operation, including the following:.
The AHA Centre shall facilitate activities for technical co-operation as identified in paragraph 1 above. The Parties shall individually or jointly, including in co-operation with appropriate international organisations, promote and, whenever possible, support scientific and technical research programmes related to the causes and consequences of disasters and the means, methods, techniques and equipment for disaster risk reduction.
ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER) – The Faculty of Law
In this regard, the protection of the Intellectual Property Rights of the Parties concerned must be respected. The AHA Centre shall facilitate activities agreekent scientific and technical research as identified in paragraph 1 above.
The ASEAN Co-ordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on disaster management AHA Centre shall be established for the purpose of facilitating co-operation and coordination among the Parties, and with relevant United Nations and international organisations, in promoting regional agreemennt. The AHA Centre shall work on the basis that the Party will act first to manage and respond to disasters. In the event that the Party requires assistance to cope with such a situation, in addition to direct request to any Assisting Entity, it may seek assistance from the AHA Agrfement to facilitate such request.
A Conference of the Parties is hereby established. The first meeting of the Conference of the Parties shall be convened by the Secretariat not later than one year after the entry into force of this Agreement. Thereafter, ordinary meetings of the Conference of the Parties shall continue to be held at least once every year, as far as possible, in conjunction with appropriate meetings of ASEAN.
Extraordinary meetings shall be held at any other time upon the request of one Party provided that such request is supported by at least one other Party. The Conference of the Parties shall keep under continuous review and evaluation the implementation of this Agreement and to this end shall:.
Each Party shall designate a National Focal Point and one or more Competent Authorities for the purpose of implementation of this Agreement. Agreemennt AHA Centre shall regularly and expeditiously provide to the Parties and as necessary to relevant international organisations the information referred to in paragraph 2 above. The functions of the Secretariat shall include the following:. A Fund is hereby established for the implementation of this Agreement.
The Parties shall, in accordance aadmsr the decisions of the Conference of the Parties, make voluntary contributions to the Fund. The Fund shall be open to contributions from other sources subject to the decision of or approval by the Parties.
The Parties may, where necessary, mobilise additional resources required for the implementation of this Agreement from relevant international organisations, in particular, regional financial institutions and the international donor community. The Parties shall co-operate in the formulation and adoption of protocols to this Agreement, prescribing agreed measures, procedures and standards for the implementation of this Agreement.
The text of any proposed protocol shall be communicated to the Parties by the Secretariat at least sixty days before the opening of a Conference of the Parties. The Conference of the Parties may, at ordinary meetings, adopt protocols to this Agreement by consensus of all Parties to this Agreement.
Any protocol to this Agreement adopted in accordance with the previous paragraph shall enter into force in conformity with the procedures as provided for in that protocol. Any Party may propose amendments to the Agreement.
The text of any proposed amendment shall be communicated to the Parties by the Secretariat at least sixty days before the Conference of the Parties at which it is proposed for adoption. The Secretariat shall also communicate proposed amendments to the signatories to the Agreement.
Amendments shall be adopted by consensus at an ordinary meeting of the Conference of the Parties. Amendments to this Agreement shall be subject to ratification, approval or acceptance by the Parties to this Agreement. The Depositary shall circulate the adopted amendment to all Parties for their ratification, approval or acceptance. The amendment shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after the deposit with the Depositary of the instruments of ratification, approval or acceptance of all Parties.
Annexes to this Agreement shall form an integral part of the Agreement and, unless otherwise expressly provided, a reference to the Agreement constitutes at the same time a reference to the annexes thereto.
Annexes shall be adopted by consensus at an ordinary meeting of the Conference of the Parties. Amendments to an Annex shall be adopted by consensus at an ordinary meeting of the Conference of the Parties. Annexes to this Agreement and amendments to the Annexes shall be subject to ratification, approval or acceptance. The Depositary shall circulate the adopted Annex or the adopted amendment to an Annex to all Parties for their ratification, approval or acceptance.
The Annex or the amendment to an Annex shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after the deposit with the Depositary of the instruments of ratification, approval or acceptance of all Parties. The first Conference of the Parties shall by consensus adopt rules of procedure for itself and financial rules for the ASEAN Disaster Management and Emergency Relief Fund to determine, in particular, the financial participation of the Parties to this Agreement.