My family. Education questions
This test will help to determine the psychological state of the child while drawing, to identify the most important member of the family to identify family contacts.
Prepare: album sheet, pencil, colored pencils, eraser.
Invite a child to draw pictures of their family. While drawing no more prompt to the child . Note of who the child drew in the first place – the man most loved by the child.
When the picture is ready . ask: “Who did you draw?”. “Why not drew… (e.g., the Pope)?”. “Who’s the most happy? Why?”. “Who is the most miserable? Why?”.
In this figure the family can be judged about the relationship in the family. Of course, this test may not reflect the whole picture, but something from the picture we can draw.
1. Analysis of the structure of figure
Drawn family structure corresponds to the real – the child has correctly formed the concept of “My family”.
If a child is someone not painted or drawn very far away from myself – conflict with this person, alienation, dissatisfaction with communication with him.
Drew other children or adults not living with the child – the child has trouble communicating with these people.
Painted animals – there is a rejection of the child in the family and lack of communication with people.
If the figure is not the child ’ s mistreatment of the child by the family.
Drew only themselves – no sense of community (don’t go anywhere together, each separately). If, moreover, drawn a lot of detail – egocentrism.
2. The location of family members
All members of the family joined hands, held hands – psychological well-being.
If the combined actual total activity – an indicator of family cohesion.
Busy fictional activity – psychological distress (rarely together).
Family members at a great distance from the child – the alienation, fear, negative attitudes.
Grouping by interests (parents busy with one thing, the child – other) – dissociation (parents have their own problems, the child – your “mind your own business”).
Whom the child drew near them – the more emotionally closer to the child.
The child in the first place the most significant draws for himself a man at last – less than significant.
Dad painted separately, but carefully traced – often missing.
If the frame around the family (all in the building) – the isolation from the outside world.
Sloppy picture of all family members, separated by partitions, the image of people from the back or turned away from each other – violation of emotional contact.
3. Analysis of the characteristics drawn shapes
Painted all the parts of the body – the norm. Mom without the mouth – “don’t cry”, the eye no – “don’t want constant supervision”, dad no hands – “don’t hit me”, not the painted face – “you’re not pretty”.
Missing parts on the head or the face – hostility, fear, secrecy distrust of this man. Drawn hands – a very good family relations, no hands – no meaningful communication with others.
Huge ears – praise me.
Decoration (clothing, outfits carefully traced) someone the child loves.
If the child himself carefully draws – high need for attention, demonstrative, tendency to isteriku.
Schematic depiction of the people – the absence of the child’s emotionality.
Value figures – main member of the family – the largest, but not necessarily the favorite.
If the child has drawn the biggest – egocentrism. Great parent and very young child ’ s a very strict parent, the child is not confident. If all of the same height – all in the family partners.
Hands up – hostility towards others.
Child painted hands – a feeling of powerlessness, humble politics the mankind.
Each member of the family painted the same – all faceless, stamped.
Different faces of family members – individuality.
If the child draws himself like mom or dad – wants to be her or like him.
The colors used – bright, juicy colors – the joy, the likes of this man.
Black, grey, brown – adverse attitude to this person.
Red ’ s credibility.
4. Analysis of the drawing process