Features of a technique of social work with children and youth.
CP children and young people is based on the legal system.
Facilities: children – persons under 18 years of age. Youth (14-30 years) – a special socio-demographic group, still in its infancy social maturity, whose position is determined by socio-economic condition of the society.
The lower age limit is determined by the fact that at this age the teenager the first time gets the right choice in social terms: to continue their studies at school, enroll in technical or liberal arts college, high school or go to work. For thirty years people tend to reach professional maturity, formation of his family, he takes a certain position in society.
Subjects: the Legislative bodies, increase and the judiciary.
Legal framework: international ur-Hb – docks, UNICEF, WHO, and mezhgosudarst agreement, Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Declaration of the Rights of the Child).
General federal level – the Constitution, the Family Code, the law on education, on social protection of the population, on social services, the federal (target) program (Russian Children, Youth Russia).
Regional level – based on obschefeder base docks government entities, district program (Kids in Moscow, Teen, Housing program, etc.).The material and economic foundation. Residential and non-residential premises, housing, equipment, Wed-wah, qs for pay and benefits, organization of activities, the implementation of special programs, accruing s / n employees.
State policies of social protection of children include a minimum amount of social services:
• universal free primary and basic (incomplete) secondary education on a competitive basis, the medium and higher-spec images.
• Free medical MAINTENANCE, ensuring their minimum nutritional standards.
• The right to Prof. orientation (15 years), the choice of Dey-ty, security and wages.
• Socialist serviced and social protection (payment of state benefits)
• Socialist adaptation and reabilit children being in difficult life situations
• The right to housing
• Organization of rehabilitation and recreation for children
• Organization of qualified legal assistance.
Social work with children is manifested in areas of vital dec-ti: in family otnosh (education, forms the Lich-ti), education (training, development, formation) in living child – communication with peers, socialization, work deyat- Five (about every area further details !!!)
CP children aimed at protecting objectified ur-nya child’s life, his safety (Financials, ekonmich, SOC), the right to self-realization and development of their skills and poss-children.
Social work with the child, just beginning when he was not born with his mother (medical supervision during pregnancy, social-medical counseling of psychological assistance).
The system of psychological-medical-teacher and social support of the child in his environment (vocational guidance centers, offices of trust, mentoring centers for psychological, medical and social support (MPC)).
Particular attention is paid to the children in divorced families, families with behavioral problems. Conducted proph work with parents, obopeschayutsya dec bodies and uchrzhd, taken control of the situation.
If there is such that the child is in a very difficult situation (death of a parent, the threat Financials and psycho being of the child), then tabled questions on the limitation of rights gives birth or adoption / guardianship / custody / foster family / orphanage. There are other (innovative) versions of the device: family children’s homes, foster homes for temporary placement of children (fosterovskie), SOS Children’s Village.
But still the main focus of social work with children is to strengthen and support the family – mother families.
Education in institutions is based on the proven programs. It is an essential element of teaching children to communicate, work in a group, preparation for school.
Social protection of preschool children is carried out in cooperation with medicine, education, industry. Bodies of social protection of the population and contribute to the improvement of the treatment of pre-school children, which provided favorable conditions for the stay of preschool children in sanatoria, at the summer markets.
Wide range of activities provided for children with special health and development. There are specialized kindergartens, the strategic purpose – preparing for large schools. However, some preschool children with apparently insurmountable shortcomings in health are trained to teach in a special school.
Social protection of students formed, for example, by differentiating individual plans of personal development, job training, and education. As a result of differentiation of education students acquire knowledge sufficient to realize their professional intentions, cognitive interests.
Vocational guidance of students – one of the most important ways of solving the problems of social protection. Vocational guidance is aimed at the actual socio-professional self-determination.
Social work at school by teachers, educators, social organizers, staff and freelance, acting on behalf of social work, business and the public.
The task of creating a favorable environment for development of the child is realized today in the club work in additional education system and developing education in development circles and associations of interest.
Health (including use drugs)
Increased risk of suicide
Employment (security, unemployment)
The loss of social reference points
Department of Youth in the structure re-minutes of images of the Russian Federation.
Today social services for young people carry out their activities in more than 30 destinations. Only psycho-pedagogical counseling adolescents and young people carried out 206 centers; 10% service provides emergency psychological-cal help by phone; about 6% engaged in social rehabilitation centers; 19.5% provide Social and cultural services; 13.5% are engaged in vocational guidance and employment of young people; about 1% have a legal and almost 5% – information help young people.
The system of social protection of young people in the Russian Federation has the following structure of social services.
1. Mandatory minimum facilities for each city district, which includes:
a) Centre of Social Services (Branch: social assistance at home, full-time, temporary stay, emergency social assistance);
b) the center of social assistance to families and children;
c) social rehabilitation center for minors;
g) Social Catering;
d) social shelter for children and adolescents.
2. Additional network in cities and regions, including:
a) the center of psychological and educational assistance;
b) Center for emergency psychological assistance by telephone;
c) The House of Mercy;
d) rehabilitation centers for persons with disabilities (including children and adolescents).
3. republican, territorial, regional, district, inter-district offices, which includes:
a) assistance centers for children left without parental care;
b) nursing homes: children, neuropsychiatric, special;
c) the hostel for people with disabilities.
In September 2002, the Ministry of Education of Russia sent the heads of subjects of the Russian Federation Youth Policy Letter “On the establishment of (functioning) social service agencies youth, youth bodies” and me-ological recommendations developed by the Department of Youth.
The main directions of work of social services for youth are:
• educational and prevention;
• Information and Advisory;
• promotion of employment;
• social support for the younger generation.