Effective methods of raising children
Modern methods of child-rearing aims to maximally reveal potential of a child from an early age. Scientific and technological progress is changing the world around us with incredible speed and to educate children in need so that they perceive the surrounding reality and without difficulty to assimilate enormous information load. It is therefore necessary to abandon the outdated methods of education of children, as they do not allow you to open up fully instilled in children the potential. The ability of the child, which in the recent past would have been considered phenomenal, in the current reality are the absolute norm. 10 years ago the ability of a three year old child to include a button on the TV, it was for the parents reason to be proud of early development of your baby, and now it’s not uncommon for 2-3 year old kids learning laptops and tablets.
The method of education of children of preschool age
In early childhood, basic human abilities, so you need almost from birth to deal with the baby, constantly teaching him new knowledge and skills. The primary mission of parents – the right upbringing of the child, which is necessary to choose the right methodology for education of children of preschool age. This choice will depend on how a child grows, his character, attitude towards others, the ability to adapt in society and much more.
Consider the basic principles of interaction between parent-child, which are based on many methods of raising children:
Persuasion or communication – good sympathetic tone to the child explains the situation and how to resolve it, means work together on a task or problem;
Positive reinforcement – the sequence of responses of parents following acts or actions of the child, namely, to promote, support, praise. Positive emotions caused by such a reaction of the parents, form in little cheerfulness, positive attitude to life;
Negative reinforcement – punishment or a ban, as a consequence of bad act or behavior of the child. Should be used in exceptional cases, previously explaining to the kid why he was being punished and showing that punishing it, parents are very upset. Frequent punishment can cause the development of child aggression and propensity to disobedience;
“Carrot and stick” – the principle of interaction is clear from the title. For the good deed of the child are encouraged, and the bad punished. It is important to strictly adhere to the rules, not forgetting the promotion, but also to punish in such a case for misconduct must unconditionally;
“One-two-three” – a simple rhyme to help cope with the manifestation of unmotivated children of disobedience. Make a point to the kid and smooth calm tone, slowly, giving him time to reflect on their behavior, to count to three. If the child does not stop, should be previously agreed upon punishment. To apply this method also to children older than two years, explaining in detail what is punished, how can to rectify the situation;
“On the contrary” – at a certain age some children resist any requests and instructions of adults. Knowing this peculiarity of character of your child, you can encourage desired behaviors by method of prohibition. The method is controversial, but in some cases effective. Important after the event to explain to the child what happened and why he is incorrect, in comic form;
Physical punishment is practiced by some parents, but it can lead to negative consequences, breaking the child’s mind and affects its further social adaptation.
You should not give preference to any one method, different methods of raising children using a complex of several methods at once, in addition, the developers bring additional elements into the educational process. All children are different and what will benefit one child, another can hurt. Choosing a method of education of children it is necessary to consider the characteristics of their child, social and living conditions, their personal abilities and many other important factors.
Methods of upbringing and development of children
The upbringing and development of children – two interconnected processes, and especially in childhood. As a result of scientific research it was proven that the learning process is most effective in the period of intensive growth of the brain, i.e. practically from birth. Therefore, most methods of education and child development is based on early learning.
Most popular methods of upbringing and development of children of preschool age, which usually focus modern parents in the upbringing of their kids:
Early development by Glenn Doman. Scientist neuroscientist who discovered and proved the law on the basis of which he developed the methods of development of children – the brain develops and grows, only when it works;
Waldorf early development method. The founder of anthroposophy Rudolf Steiner, the emphasis in education pays the formation of aesthetic view of the world;
Early child development in methods of family Nikitin. The natural development of children without coercion, based on cooperation with parents in a comfortable environment, where wishes and well-being of children a priority;
Early development method Maria Montessori. Creation of educational environments that take into account the individual interests of each child, encouraging him to training and development.
The choice of methods of raising children is up to the parents, so it is important before the baby is born to learn the basic, to choose the most adapted or try to combine the best of different.
Makarenko about parenting
On the writings of Soviet educator A. S. Makarenko about parenting for a long time was based main methods of upbringing in the former Soviet Union.
Makarenko is considered the founder of Marxist-Leninist pedagogy, the purpose of which was Communist upbringing developed comprehensively builders of communism. According to Makarenko, you need to educate patriots loyal to the socialist Motherland, the people educated, skilled, possessing a sense of honor and duty, disciplined, cheerful, persistent, cheerful, possessing organizational skills with a sense of dignity.
The main provisions Makarenko about the education of children in the family:
The family must be complete;
The relationship between father, mother and children should be friendly, based on respect and love;
Definitely a clear regime and employment;
The participation of children in family households for the formation of a sense of community, honesty, thrift, diligence, responsibility;
It is necessary to pay attention to education and aesthetic education of children for the formation of a fully developed personality;
Parents should realize their responsibility to the state for the education of children.
Despite the controversy the techniques in the study of the works of Makarenko can be many valuable lessons that are important in the process of modern parenting.
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